Chapter 15: Chemical Kinetics
A) 15.1: Reaction Rates
a. Average Rate- rate of a reaction measured over a long period of time
b. Instantaneous Rate- the rate of a reaction measured at a specific instant in time
b.i. Typically measured by calculating
Chapter 16: Chemical Equilibrium
A) 16.1 The Concept of Chemical Equilibrium
a. Equilibrium- no net change in the concentrations occurs, even though both
a.i. Binding Rate Constant- the rate constant that indicates the association of
Chapter 17: Acids and Bases
A) 17.1: What Are Acids and Bases?
a. Arrhenius Model
a.i. An acid is any species that produces hydrogen ions in solution.
In truth, hydrogen ions do not exist in free solution. They
always interact with the solvent (oft
Chapter 18: Applications of Aqueous Equilibria
A) Buffers and the Common-Ion Effect
a. Buffer- a chemical system that is able to resist changes in pH
a.i. The combination of a weak acid and its conjugate base or of a weak base
and its conjugate acid
Chapter 19: Electrochemistry
A) What Is Electrochemistry?
a. Electrochemistry is the study of the reduction and oxidation processes that occur
at the interface between different phases of a system.
b. Typically involves reactions that take place at the su