Chapter 28 Nuclear Chemistry
Fission and Fusion
Radiation in Your Life
Ch 28.1 Nuclear Radiation
Types of Radiation
Radioisotopes an isotope that has an unstable
atomic nucleus and unde
Organic Chemistry I Mechanisms
a. HX addition to an alkene:
X= Cl, Br, I
b. HX addition to an alkene with Carbocation rearrangement:
X= Cl, Br, I
Note: Methyl groups can migrate also if quaternary carbon i
Solubility Rules for Ionic Solids In Aqueous Solution
Nearly all nitrates (NO31-), and acetates (C2H3O21-) are soluble.
All chlorides (Cl 1-) are soluble, except AgCl, Hg2Cl2, and PbCl2. (PbCl2 is soluble in hot water.)
All sulfates (SO42-) are soluble, e
Valence Bond Theory
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory
SN1, SN2, E1, E2 Decision Matrix
Use with caution. Rely on your knowledge of the four parameters (Substrate, Solvent, Nucleophile, and Leaving Group) to predict possible reactions that will occur.
No SN1 or E1
Allylic or Be
Report Form: Dimensional Analysis
Evaluate each of the following problems, showing the dimensional analysis setup. Round all
answers to the appropriate number of significant figures.
0.94 in. = ? cm.
2.00 L = ?
75 miles/hour = ? k
Three Major Categories
Naming of Inorganic Compounds
Anything that carries a charge except
the fundamental subatomic particle
called an electron.
CATION - any positive charged ion.
SAFETY GLASSES WITH SIDE SHIELD/SAFETY GOGGLES
It is mandatory that you, the student, wear eye protection whenever you or someone else is conducting an
experiment. Safety glasses can be found in the white cabinet in the back of the room. When worn, they a
SAFE LABORATORY PROCEDURES
Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side shields.
Aprons are available and recommended.
Wear closed shoes (not sandals) to protect feet.
Tie back long hair.
Avoid loose long sleeves.
Wear long-legged pants
CLEANING OF LABORATORY GLASSWARE
IF THE SURFACE IS CLEAN, WATER WILL WET THE SURFACE UNIFORMLY.
CRUCIBLES & LIDS
MORTAR & P
Elements, Compounds, Ions, and Other Useful Information to Memorize
The following lists are not all-inclusive and more items may be added later. Most students have a great deal
of trouble with chemical nomenclature because they do not know the basic nomen
Homework Set 1
Work on one side of the paper only. On many kinds of paper correction marks
will bleed through to the other side of the paper. This will make it difficult for you
to understand the corrections I make.