Barriers to Contraception
Lack of choice: 19/98 countries no access pill; 30/98 no IUD, 61/98 no
Non-evidence based medical rules:
o Wont give FP unless women menstruating
o Refuse sterilization unless age X
Why are low tech and low resource settings important?
Burden of Disease
o Cervical Cancer
o Post Partum Hemorrhage
o Contraceptive Prevalence
o Unsafe Abortion
o Academic, Professional servi
(1-8) HumBio 129
WHAT IS HIV?
Micro to Macro
Who does HIV infect?
Men and women, hetero/homo sexual, children, infants
How can one get infected?
Sexual intercourse, blood transfusion, mother to child tra
What is tuberculosis?
How do you get tuberculosis?
How many people in the world are infected with tuberculosis right now?
Tuberculosis Burden of Disease
Over 2 billion people
(1-15) HIV in Women & Children
Leading causes of infectious disease deaths by age group, 2004
Lower respiratory infections
Calculation of DALYs
YLL (years of
Health Amid Poverty
Diseases generated by material deprivation
Raises questions regarding the utility of technical solutions
Need for integrated technical and social strategies
Child health dependent upon ec
What is Food Security?
Food Insecurity lack of food security
Not the same as hunger, hunger is a temporary state
Exists when people do not have adequate physical, social or economic access to food
Feces containment can help interrupt fecal-oral disease transmission
Intervention designed to block pathways
Major causes of death in Children <5
At the national level, poor water supply is