Chapter 6 (Taking Values Seriously)
1) What are values? Values are things we care about and things that matter to us.
They are things we live up too and expect others to live up to as well.
2) How are moral values different from other kinds of
Chapter 3 (Ethics and Religion)
1) What are some examples of change and growth in religious ethics? A long time
ago, religions had a problem with speaking up and making people aware of civil
rights and other serious issues. But religious ethic
Service-learning offers a unique opportunity for America's young people - from kindergarten to college students - to get involved with their communities in a tangible way by integrating service projects with classroom learning. Service-le
Kantian Society Outline Intro Thesis statement: Which is why I believe that a society based off of Kantian Ethics would promote more honest and genuine citizens. Body 1 Topic Sentence: In Kantian Ethics, it is believed that a person is good or bad dependi
Society off of Respect and Morals If on one completely random day, you stole from a store, would you want everyone else to steal from that same store? If you took the initiative to lie to someone's face, would you want everyone else to lie to your face? A
Ethical Related Questions: What is the distinction between virtue and duty based ethics? Virtue based ethics: Emphasizes the role of one's character and the virtues that one's character embodies for determining or evaluating ethical behavior. Virtue-based
Ethical Related Questions: What is Utilitarianism? A belief that you may use whatever means (act on whatever motives) are necessary to achieve an end that increases happiness. It doesn't matter why you did the action, only that the end result is an increa
Ethical Related Questions: List and describe three forms of government? Monarchy: is a royal family ruling a country or a political system. Communism: is a central government system where they control all resources to the benefit of the people. People are
Ethical Related Questions: What is the Golden mean for Aristotle? In philosophy, especially that of Aristotle, the golden mean is the desirable middle between two extremes, one of excess and the other of deficiency. Neither too much nor too little, every
Comparing & Contrasting Utilitarian ethics, Virtue ethics and Deontological ethics are all ways of thinking that vary and compare in different ways. Utilitarian ethics is a belief that a person may act on whatever motives necessary to achieve an end that
Chapter 5 (Service and Service-Learning)
1) When is service-learning one kind of thing, not a combination of two separate
things? Service learning is one kind of thing when you see the two-words
service and learning as two words that depend on
Russell takes the utilitarian point of view concerning sexual morality and believes that
whether a code is good or bad is the same as the question whether or not it promotes
human happiness. In other words, Russell believes that since sex
Gandhi used non-violent and hatred methods to disobey the law.
The Salt March of 1930 was a vital step toward Indias independence from Britain.
Gandhi led thousands of people to gather and make salt, an act that defied the British salt
Family & Government (part 2)
-Because women have the chief (primary) responsibility of raising the kids and taking
care of the household, they miss out on opportunities and have less freedom, and that
they are pretty much slaves, they have to sacrifice th
Family & Government (part 1)
-The law has involvement when it comes to family for example if your husband abuses
you the law steps in.
-Feminists argue that family should be apart of the political process.
-The government does have involvement in family b
Elongated Chapter 5 Notes (A 21st Century Ethical Tool Box)
Acknowledging and accepting suffering, our own included, as part of life. There is no
way around the pain; the only way is through (78)
the best way to change peoples lives is to trust in their a
Chapter 14 Notes (A 21st Century Ethical Tool Box)
each side is right about something
each side, including our own, is likely to be wrong about something (283)
In a lot of major moral issues, people decide that there are only two sides, like pro life or
Chapter 13 Notes (A 21st Century Ethical Tool Box)
Mindful speech: Speaking and listening with careful attention to what is being said and
thinking of the impact and consequences.
Speech communicates (an ethical act): our values, feelings, thoughts, passi
Philosophy builds the following skills:
critical thinking skills
The ability to identify the key issues in decision-making or problem solving; to
identify a general principle that links together related problems, points, data; to
define the parameters of
What is Philosophy?
Philosophy literally translated means "The Love of wisdom". The word derives
from two ancient Greek words:
Philia- to love and Sophia-Wisdom
So a philosopher may not be someone who is wise, but is someone who has a
great openness and c
Two powerful ethical theories: Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics.
Both Hedonism and Utilitarianism are based on the idea that pleasure is the most
important thing in life. Immanuel Kant does not hold pleasure as the greatest good and
creates a different t
The Ethics of Virtue
Quotes from A 21st Century Ethics Book
Virtue: Moral excellence, goodness, righteousness, a good or admirable quality or
property, having good character. Example. Self discipline, responsibility, open
heartedness, loyalty and devotion
Term review for mid term
Argument: Is a discussion in which disagreement is expressed; a debate.
Dogmatism: People who appear to listen but will not change their mind no matter what
because they think they have all the answers for any issues and arent ope
Term review for mid term
Hedonism: A basic theory that says that happiness in life is getting pleasure and avoiding
pain. I do not believe this ethics system is good because we do not base morality on what
makes us "feel good." Good as what brings pleasur
Term review for mid term
Relativism: Descriptive relativism describes the way things are, without suggesting a
way they ought to be. It seeks only to point out that people frequently disagree over what
is the most 'moral' course of action. It means whats
Term review for mid term
Philosophy: Philosophy is the love of wisdom, but it also teaches us to find it correctly
with an emphasis on logical arguments and reason. We learn not to believe anything just
because we are told it to be true. We find it to be
Mid Term Vocab Review
Categorical imperative: A categorical imperative cannot be so avoided: it is a
requirement that binds anybody, regardless of their inclinations.
To Kant the purpose of the categorical imperative is to provide an objective moral rule
Just War Theory
The Just Conditions for Going to War:
Proper authority and public declaration
Probability of success
Protection from external attack is the first and foremostand in the eyes of some, t
Feminist philosophy- concerns itself with refusing to identify the human experience with
only the male experience.
Western Culture has associated rationality with masculinity and emotionality with
femininity. Traditional epistemology had often co
Ethical beliefs have always had strong entanglements with how we live on a daily
basis. Ethics calls on ones self to ask a multitude amount of questions when the answers
are not so clear. It asks you to critically think and evaluate what is right and wron