The question of what might have caused God is still frequently asked by people today.
There is such thing as a first cause argument, which is one of the cosmological arguments that
attempt to prove the existence of Go
30 November 2009
In Platos Allegory, he is focusing on the two reasons why people act the way they do
in society. Every person is either described as coming out of the light or going into the light. In
these terms, the light repre
Module 2 Notes (Part 3)
Materialism is the belief that we are the sum of our physical parts. The universe consists only
ofparticles of matter moving in space. Hence, humans are 100% physical beings. Our reasoning
ability is a function of a hi
Module 2 Notes
There are four main positions that attempt to answer this question:
Dualism says yes, we have both a physical body & non-physical mind.
(Sometimes referred to a Cartesian dualism after Ren?Descartes.)
Materialism says no. The mind is not se
Module 3 Notes (Part 2)
Implications of Hard Determinism:
Now let's examine the implications of this argument. What does it mean to be morally
responsible for our action?
The common answer is that we are morally responsible if we could have chosen right
Module 3 Notes (Part 3)
Challenges to Hard Determinism:
Hard determinism may be false if certain theories of modern physics are true.
For instance, quantum mechanics holds that at the subatomic level events are random in nature
or uncaused in nature. If t
Module 3 Notes
Before we begin any philosophical discussion on an issue, it is important to know what we mean
by the terms used. As such the first question we must ask is: What is free will? The hard
deterministclaims that free will is th
Module 4 Notes
Qualitative Identity - Declares that two things are identical because they have the same
qualities that we are referring to. For example, if I own a Honda Accord and point to another
Accord and declare "that is the same car that I have" thi
Module 8 Notes
Five Theories of Truth:
What is truth? Five primary answers have been offered to address this
question. They are:
Correspondence Theory of Truth - X is made true by its
correspondence with reality.
The correspondence theory seems appealing
Module 7 Notes
How Socrates responds to Glaucon's challenge takes up the bulk of The
Republic. In providing his answer to the question of why an individual
should act justly when he can get away with acting unjustly, Socrates
appeals to an analogy of the
Module 6 Notes
Cultural Relativism holds that right and wrong are determined by each
culture and only apply to that culture. In other words, there IS a right and
wrong that apply to all Americans, but this may not be what is right and
wrong for the Chines
1. What is a criterion of personal identity? I'm asking for a definition, not an example.
2. What is a soul-based criterion of personal identity?
3. What is a bodily criterion of personal identity?
4. In Perry's Dialogue, Miller proposes that an af
1. What is Kivy's view in the philosophy of music?
2. What is Kivy's argument for his view?
3. What is Walton's view in the philosophy of music?
4. What is Walton's argument for his view?
5. What is the difference between fine art and decorative a
Module 2 Notes (Part 2)
Challenge #1: How does the mind interact with the body?
Even if dualism is true, there is still a question of how the mind interacts with the body.
Remember, dualists say that humans posses both a physical body and a non-physical m
Module 1 Notes
Philosophy is one of those words we have all heard and most of us have used but when asked
what it means most of us do not have a good answer. We have all heard statements such as "my
philosophy is sex, drugs, and rock and roll" or other su
Module 1 Notes (Part 3)
One of the most common forms of counter-arguments offered is the slippery-slope argument. A
slippery slope argument takes the following form:
P1: Some argue that we should X.
P2: If we X then it will lead to Y.
P3: We do not want t
Distributive justice refers to economic goods and productivity in society. The distribution
portion of the term refers to how these goods are dispersed among a community and for what
reasons. One way to define distributiv
4 November 2009
The two masters that Bentham believes controls everyone are pleasure and pain. This
vision is sensible because people are naturally drawn to pleasure. In any situation, a person will
act upon what is best for him o
Gyges, a shepherd, was out with his flock one day, and suddenly an earthquake came
upon him. The earthquake created an opening in the Earth, and Gyges was intrigued. As he
looked into the opening of the Earth, along with
16 October 2009
Proper morality from each of the Zygmanik brothers actions was entirely nonexistent in
this case. George does not do the right thing in this situation. Even though he was in this terrible
accident, which paralyzed
According to this article, written by Anthony Appiah, sex is an essential property of a
persons identity. Appiah states that biological malfunctions can happen to a child at birth.
Specifically, there are males, with the X
Animalism, or the body theory, justifies that identical people share look-alike human
bodies. This claim is not on the subject of physical attributes, but regards to the objectives and
arrangement of the bodies. This theor
Compatibilism is also referred to as soft-determinism. The reason for this other name is
because Compatibilism directly combats the theories of hard determinism. While hard
determinists believe that every event has a cause
To determine, for sure, that the android, Data, has a mind, the mind/body problem must
be deeply explored. An android is purely physical. Humans are purely physical as well, so a
materialist would believe that Data does h
The exact charges against Socrates, in this case, are that of blasphemy and corrupting the
lives and minds of the youth. This trial and indictments all came about because of the journey
and challenge Socrates took on. Once
There is a standard theory of how light bulbs actually do work. When a switch is flipped,
an electrical current of light flows through a certain wire, towards the bulb. The thought is that
once the current reaches the bulb
Module 1 Notes (Part 2)
Deductive arguments are a strong form of argument. In a deductively valid
argument if all the premises are true, then the conclusion will also be true.
Inductive arguments are a weaker form of argument. In an
1. What is the Paradox of the Stone, and what is it supposed to show?
2. What do both solutions to the Paradox agree on?
3. What is Aquinas' solution to the Paradox of the Stone?
4. What is Frankfurt's solution to the Paradox of the Stone?