Module 6 Notes
Working class students are more likely that other students to scoff at the message
because as they watch the educational sorting machine crank out winners and
Ability grouping and tracking, key components of the sorting machine, mu
Chapter 5 Notes
Near the end of 1995, Clifford Janey, Rochesters third superintendent since the
signing of the historic 1987 contract, announced a Shared Accountability plan
that spread responsibility well beyond the walls of the schools.
By 1999, accor
Lecture 8 Notes
Teachers face malpractice suits but less often.
Parents have argued that just as teachers can be held liable for physical injuries to
students under their care, they should also be liable for mental injuries that is, for
Lecture 9 Notes
Common schools, according to the reformers who advocated them, would be
common to all children; they would teach a common political creed; and they
would instill a common morality based on nonsectarian religion.
Massachusetts led the way i
Lecture 10 Notes
For fifty years after the Civil War, educators kept busy building, reinforcing, and
expanding the systems.
Compulsory school attendance laws, which appeared first in Massachusetts in
1852, quickened after the war.
By 1900, the laws wer
Lecture 11 Notes
According to the theory of assimilation, it was the duty of schools to fit children
into society by washing out cultural differences and ironing in values and
behaviors that conformed to Anglo-American ways.
According to the theory of s
Lecture 12 Notes
Sociologists study people in groups
Sociology is valuable to teachers and other educators
Sociology enables us to see patterns in human behavior
Many Americans like to believe the United States is relatively free of the rigid
Module 1 Notes
Although collective bargaining varies considerably from district to district and
state to state, salaries, benefits and working conditions are always the bottom line.
Collective bargaining is entering a new phase as teachers press toward
Module 2 Notes
An encouraging sign is the development of what AFT leaders have referred to
since the late eighties as professional unionism, the same movement NEA
President Chase dubbed the new unionism in widely quoted 1997 speech.
The NEA has been usi
Module 5 Notes
Beyond the obvious fact that more affluent parents can give children more of the
things money can buy
Books, magazines, toys, and such
Social class affects family life in several important ways
Studies show working class famili
Lecture 13 Notes The term "plug flow" describes a given mass of feedstocks entering the digester on a given day and traveling through the system as a "plug" propelled by additions made on subsequent days Plug flow digesters are generally long, narrow tank