Vocab: Restorative Justice Perspective A view of criminal justice that advocates peaceful
solutions and meditation rather than coercive punishment.
Myth or Reality? Justice tends to be objective rather than subjective; agents of the justice
system put the
1. Actus Reus
Definition: It is the physical action of the criminal act. However, sometimes the actus reus can
be failing to act, such as our legal responsibility to care for our children or report our
involvement in an auto accident.
[Defined by Rose Pog
In their search to explain social change, sociologists sometimes examine historical data to
better understand current changes and movements. They also rely on three basic theories of
social change: evolutionary, functionalist, and conflict theories.
Becoming a crime statistic is probably the greatest fear among Americans. To deal with crime
and deter criminals, American society makes use of formal social controls, particularly the
criminal justice system. Sadly, the American criminal justice system i
Social groups and organizations comprise a basic part of virtually every arena of modern life.
Thus, in the last 50 years or so, sociologists have taken a special interest in studying these
scientific phenomena from a scientific point of view.
A social gr
Of the almost 1.5 million Americans under some form of correctional supervision, most are there
for offenses against someone else's property. In other words, property crimes are much more
common than those against persons are. Property crimes reported to
Even though many Americans dislike bureaucracy, this organizational model prevails today.
Whether or not they wish to admit it, most Americans either work in bureaucratic settings, or at
least deal with them daily in schools, hospitals, government, and so
Vocab: Criminal Justice System The law enforcement, court, and correctional agencies that
work together to effect the apprehension, prosecution, and control of criminal offenders. They
are charged with maintaining order, enforcing the law, identifying tra
Who may be called in to aid in the investigation of a crime scene when specific talents are
needed to collect or analyze evidence? Specialized Personnel
Specialized personnel are equipped to what? They are equipped to collect and preserve
Vocab: Courtroom Work Group The phrase used to indicate that all parties in the adversary
process work together cooperatively to settle cases with the least amount of effort and conflict.
Myth or Reality? There is equal justice under the law, and everyone
Crime a specific act of commission or omission in violation of the law, for which a punishment is
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Crime Control Model a model of the criminal justice system that assu