Chapter 9 was about Cognitive Development in Early Childhood. We were taught
about Mental Representation. Piaget acknowledged that language is our most
flexible means of mental representation. We also learned about Make believe play
as another good exampl
Chapter 10 was about Emotional and Social Development in Early Childhood. In this chapter we
learned about the foundations of self concept. I found this part of the chapter fascinating because
I had no idea that children as early as 3 years of age start t
The text talked about Emotional self-regulation. This refers to the strategies we used
when we want to get to a calm emotional state and a comfortable level intensity so
we can accomplish our goals. Emotional self-regulation requires a voluntary effortful
Do you think the method for processing information he witnessed is very effective?
I think that the way he witnessed the children study is a very effective way of Studying. Paired
study works in some situations but reading aloud and repeating w
In chapter 8 and we learned about physical development in early childhood. We learned about
skeletal growth and brain development specifically between the ages of two and six. The chapter
also talked about nutrition as it pertains to small children. The c
In Chapter 6 we learned about Cognitive development in Infancy and Toddler
hood. I found this chapter fascinating because I did not have much
knowledge about toddlers before reading this chapter. It was interesting to
learn about the way infants process i
Chapter 2 was about genetic in environmental foundations. In this chapter we learned about
multiple births and the difference between fraternal or dizygotic twins. These are the most
common type of multiple births resulting from the release and fertilizat
Chapter 14 was about Physical Development in Adolescence. This Chapter discussed Concepts
such as The Biological perspective of Adolescence and Puberty the Physical Transition to
Adulthood. I really learned a lot about the biological, psychological and so
Why do you think the Charting strategy was so effective for Vanessa?
I believe that the Charting worked with Vanessa because by seeing her behavior charted with a
clear goal was simulating and excellent motivation to get Vanessa to pick up her
Mr. Slavins story shared with us the students joyful group discovery of arriving at the wrong
answer to a problem the teacher posed at the beginning of the lesson. Discovery learning is a
technique of inquiry-based learning and is considered a
Historically, American education served both political and economic needs, which
dictated the function of education. Today, sociologists and educators debate the
function of education. Three main theories represent their views: the functionalist
discontinuous theories of development theories describing human development as
occurring through a fixed sequence of distinct, predictable stages governed by
major stage theorists Piaget, Vygotsky, Erikson, and Kohlberg
educational psychology the study of learning and teaching.
pedagogy the study of teaching and learning with applications to the instructional
process. Also called instruction.
intentionality doing this for a purpose; teachers who use intentionality plan t
A number of issues and controversies now face educators and communities.
Among them are discipline and security; race, ethnicity, and equality;
mainstreaming; and public versus private education.
Discipline and security
Expressions of violence have increa
In 1983, the National Commission on Excellence in Education issued a scathing
review of American education titled A Nation at Risk. Although the Commission
did find some successes, the majority of the report focused on the failure of
American education to
Education generally refers to a social institution responsible for providing
knowledge, skills, values, and norms.
Universal education in the United States grew out of the political and economic
needs of a diverse and fledgling nation. Immigrants came fro
transitivity a skill learning during the concrete operational stage (Piaget) of
cognitive development in which individuals can mentally arrange and compare
class inclusion A skill learned during the concrete operational stage (Piaget) of
associative play play that is much like parallel play but with increased levels of
interaction in the form of sharing, turn-taking, and general interest in what others
cooperative play play in which children join together to create a common goa
Distinctions between phonological awareness and phonemic awareness
Phonological: includes phonemic awareness. Understanding & manipulating larger
parts of speech, words, syllables, onsets & rimes as well as phonemes. Phonemic:
identifying & manipulating i
Awareness of Print understanding that the squiggly lines on a page represent
spoken language. They understand that when adults read a book, what they say is
linked to the words on the page, rather than to the pictures.
Balanced Approach characteristics 1.
4 Ways to build Phonemic Awareness? 1. Tell Rhymes 2. ABCs & read alphabet
books 3. Alliteration 4. Give the ability to sound and blend their letters (slap, trap)
3 levels of comprehension? 1. Literal 2. Interpretive 3. Applied
5 Steps in the Reading Proc
. self-concept a person's perception of his or her own strengths, weaknesses,
abilities, attitudes, and values.
self-esteem the value of each of us places on our own characteristics, abilities, and
social comparison the process of comparing one
aptitude-treatment interaction interaction of individual differences in learning with
particular teaching methods.
behavioral learning theories explanations of learning that emphasize observable
changes in behavior.
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