Ethics of Peace, War, and Defense: Classical and Contemporary Readings PHIL 272 001 Spring 2011 Dey Hall 307 TTh 3:30-4:45pm Description
Dr. Emily Crookston email@example.com Office: Caldwell Hall # 207G Office hours: M 4:00-5:00pm, Th 9:00-10:00am,
Phil 272 Kant Thesis
Thesis: The means that nature uses to bring about the development of all of mans capacities is
the antagonism among them in society, as far as in the end this antagonism is the cause of lawgoverned order in society.
- Kant describes t
Phil 272 Kant Thesis 2
Thesis: The problem of establishing a perfect civil constitution depends on the problem of lawgoverned external relations among nations and cannot be solved unless the latter is.
- This seems to be the most important thesis in regar
Phil 272 Kant thesis notes 3
Thesis: A philosophical attempt to work out a universal history of the world in accord with the
plan of nature that aims at a perfect civic union of the human species must be regarded as
possible and even as helpful to this ob
Phil 272 Notes
Terrorism violates the jus in bello principle of discrimination.
Some argue it is permissible under Supreme Emergency (allows limited collateral damage:
An exception to the jus in bello principle: never intentionally attack non-combatants.
Phil 272 Notes 2
Intuitionism: Morality consists of a number of prima facie obligations discovered not by
utilitarian reflection but by intuition. You just know these things, no calculation necessary.
Prima facie is not absolute. When rules conflict yo
Phil 272 Notes 3
Walzers Dirty Hands theory:
-Wants to keep seriousness of killing civilians by saying it is wrong- but ought to do it. (does
give guidance: should do)
-Only time it is permissible is to save the state
-saving it from an immensely evil reg
Phil 272 Notes 4
Walzer extreme emergency
- Good example is allied bombing of Germany WWII
- The bad of bombing cities outweighed by trying to end war sooner
- Extreme evil of Nazi power
- argument has its problems
- Coady: Dangerous because you are sayin
Phil 272 Reading Kant
Immanuel Kant Perpetual Peace and Other Essays Idea for a Universal History with a
Cosmopolitan Intent pages 29-39.
1. Purpose: In this essay, Kant argues that the seeming unpredictability and selfinterest of individuals is actually
Phil 272 Continued Kant Notes
No nation shall forcibly interfere with the constitution and government of another.
1. What can justify them doing so?
- The citizens of a nation have the right to struggle against themselves to settle an internal
Phil 272 Reading 5
John M. Owen How Liberalism Produces Peace, International Security Volume 19, No. 2 (Fall
1994), Pages 87-125.
1. Purpose: In favor of democratic Peace theory. Out to discredit the Realist
response to DPT
1.1. believes that liberal idea
Phil 272 Reading 4
Democratic Peace Theory
Immanuel Kant Perpetual Peace and Other Essays Perpetual Peace Second Section (Containing
the three Definitive Articles for Perpetual Peace Among Nations), pages 111-119.
1. Purpose: In order to get peace, people
Phil 272 Notes 1
THE peaceful settlement of these instances was not due to DPT but instead due to realist
considerations- leaders fell back into the realist considerations since they would suffer too many
Trent- US did not want to fight two wars at
Phil 272 Notes 2
Thomas Hobbes: Chapter 13 of Leviathan.
1. Purpose: Discusses the state of nature and the aspects of human nature that
promote the state of nature.
2. Arguments: Given certain facts about human nature, it can be proved that humans
Phil 272 Notes 3
Thomas Hobbes: Chapter 15 of Leviathan paragraphs 1-5; 35-41.
1. Purpose: Hobbes - Forefather of Realism
2. All humans start in a state of nature
3. - No common power of the people
- State of War
- Equality - ability to kill, equali
Phil 272 Notes 4
Immanuel Kant Perpetual Peace and Other Essays Perpetual Peace First Supplement (On the
Guarantee of Perpetual Peace) pages 120-125;
1. Purpose: Argues that Peace is against human nature, but nature is also set up that
it permits harmony
Phil 272 Reading 1
C.A.J. Coady Terrorism, Morality, and Supreme Emergency, Ethics, Volume 114, No.4 July
2004, pages 772-789.
1. Purpose: Is Supreme Emergency an act of terrorism? Coadys main point is that
we should not have a Supreme Emergency because t
Phil 272 Reading 2
Saul Smilansky Terrorism, Justification, and Illusion, Ethics, Volume 114, No.4 July 2004,
a. Purpose: Smilansky argues that we should steer clear of absolute statements (like the one that
Coady makes), specifically with
Phil 272 Reading 6
Christopher Layne Kant or Cant: The Myth of Democratic Peace, International Security
Volume 19, No. 2 (Fall 1994), Pages 5-49.
Layne favors Realism
He thinks it would be much better to do what the realist want, with a balance of power t
Phil 272 Reading 3
Sussman. Whats Wrong with Torture, Philosophy and Public Affairs Volume 33, No 1, Winter
2005, Pages 1-33.
a. Purpose: Discuss what separates torture morally from killing, brainwashing, coercion, etc.
The nature of the rel
Phil 272 Reading Kant Peace
Immanuel Kant Perpetual Peace and Other Essays Perpetual Peace (Containing the Preliminary
Articles for Perpetual Peace Among Nations), pages 107-111.
1. Purpose: Kants purpose is to highlight 6 articles that all states need to