Notes to pp. 956
1011 living . . . free from payment: immigrants at Athens (metics, 609 n.)
could inhabit only rented property.
101215 observe these instructions of your father: ring-composition with
9923; similarly the Olympian gods recalls the start
Notes to pp. 878
711 but now dont be afraid, etc.: dramatic conventions require the Chorus
grateful song to end before, but not to be cut short by, Danaus abrupt sight
71520 side screens: protecting against thrown-up water, or even missiles
Notes to pp. 856
pestilence in 6845, as in Pers. 715. It was feared by Pelasgus at 358, 41015,
449. [faction is therefore a more apt supplement than e.g. war].
6646 bloom . . . unculled . . . shear . . . ower: not empty repetition, for the
Notes to pp. 845
outcome: as Danaus and Chorus hoped (210 .); Aeschylus makes Danaus
speak as if he had heard the passionate appeal to Zeus in 52499, esp. 599
625709 Second choral ode. Danaus remains to hear and then applaud (710)
the Chorus g
Notes to p. 80
460 Speak out . . . meaning: the sense is emphasized by remarkable redundancy in the Greek.
461 Unless you promise, etc.: cf. Pelasgus evasion at 3689, etc.
463 unwelcome tablets: instead of votive messages hanging from the gods
Notes to pp. 834
his story, see PB 35172); whether storm-winds and their rain are meant
here by his might, or great heat (PB 3701), his supposed contribution
to fertility is not understood; but the Nile was famous for its pure waters
Notes to p. 84
60024 Second Episode. Danaus reports that Argos has conrmed that it will
give protection from the Egyptians; Pelasgus oratory was persuasive, esp.
his warning against Zeus anger if suppliants and fellow-citizens are rejected
Notes to p. 82
5246 King of kings: a natural address to the supreme god, as to a supreme
mortal king, that of Persia, Pers. 24. most perfect of the perfect: lit. greatest
fulller, the title of Zeus at Ag. 973, etc., of gods in general Seven 167.
Notes to pp. 802
4989 boldness, etc.: that of Pelasgus, in sending an obvious foreigner into the
city, even escorted; fear . . . ignorance: potentially those of the citizens.
5023 not talk much, etc.: only to conrm his identity as from overseas (the
Notes to pp. 867
6947 singers, etc.: both in thanks and prayerful anticipation. Probably dancing singers are meant (like the plays chorus); for such celebration, cf. 10224,
Ag. 23. friendship with the lyre: such as war destroys (681 n.).
Notes to pp. 8990
The ode runs directly into a wholly lyric scene, of extreme excitement,
776 O country of hills and cattle: 118 n.
77883 dark hiding place: underground; Hades itself at PB 219. smoke: a
detail absent from many fantasies,
Notes to p. 95
9801016 My children, etc.: Danaus returns after Pelasgus, although he had
gone to fetch his aid (774). He fulls his daughters hopes of wise advice
(96976) as if he had heard them himself, given their fear of abuse as foreigners in Argos
Notes to p. 94
9635 champion: at Athens this word was either the technical term for the
legal sponsor of immigrants, which the Danaids will be (60214 n.), or the
unocial term for the most prominent politician claiming to represent the
Notes to p. 93
Persian arrogance in Persians, e.g. 50, 858902. done nothing correct: not
followed the Greek courtesies of diplomacy, 917.
91629 But what have I done, etc.: a particularly good example of stichomythia (Introd. 3.2 p. lx) used to build d
Notes to pp. 934
trackers. some reverent words: Pelasgus dees the Heralds irreligion (921
3). [The missing line may have been but you will not take them against their
will: so West.]
9423 unanimous vote, etc.: reported at 6015.
9449 This is nal, etc.:
Notes to p. 90
rape; the word violence has the same place as in the responding stanza at
8224 the balance and its beam: Zeus scales of justice, 403, 4056. without
you, what is fullled: cf. 599 (n.).
825907 Fourth Episode (825965), rst part: an ex
Notes to pp. 901
83641 Hurry, hurry, etc.: repeated doubling of words indicates violent passion; cf. Pers. 1010, 1039. bark: 882, 873; an Egyptian word (Herodotus
2.96.5), used also at Pers. 553, 1075. branding: runaway slaves were branded
Notes to p. 92
8858 Father: the absent Danaus. help from the statue: to which each has ed,
832, cf. Danaus at 192, and before his departure, 731, 773; the Chorus themselves at 463. seaward: a further Homeric word. like a spider walking: imagining the
Notes to pp. 889
754 your hatred for them: 332, 511, etc.; other men too might share it, 4867.
shared by the gods: if oended by the Egyptians violation of your sanctuary.
755 these tridents: Poseidons (218 n.).
7579 bold as dogs: shameless; sexual agg
Notes to p. 79
438523 First Episode, third part. Pelasgus time to think (438 I have
indeed thought picks up 407 (n.) and 417) has only sharpened his dilemma:
between war and material loss (43947) and oence to the gods. He delays by
Notes to pp. 789
I will ee anywhere under heaven; cf. the Chorus escape-fantasies of 776
807. ill-meant marriage: 910, 81, 426, etc. holy to the gods: cf. 85.
3978 judgement . . . judge: the Greek in fact echoes 396 judgement three
times for emphasis
Notes to pp. 778
3513 like a heifer, etc.: the Chorus implicitly compare their own plight with
the heifer Ios wandering (309). trustful of his aid: that of Pelasgus, their own
herdsman; but some translate their aid, as if the crags were a city wall (c
Notes to pp. 689
212 suppliants . . . branches: see n. on the initial s.d. In fact leafy branches or
wreaths symbolized any approach under a gods protection, e.g. a messenger
reporting victory Ag. 4934.
235 bright water: signicant later: 10249. heroes
Notes to pp. 647
1077 s.d.: Movement of the two groups in diverging processions may have
begun during the last exchange of 106677; their parting illustrates the
conict of sympathies and purpose.
I preliminary note: the Greek text of Supplia
Notes to pp. 624
1036 let no one think of that!: cf. 1040. She repeats and condemns the Heralds
1005, 1008, and esp. 1025.
10379 His funeral . . . a woman: the translation disguises clumsy and possibly
corrupt Greek, and there is no grammatical object
Notes to pp. 612
9767 = 9878 potent shade of Oedipus: a shadow among the dead, but powerful still, like Darius in Persians, whose Ghost is summoned up (621, 630,
etc.), and Agamemnon in Libation Bearers (3559; he is the object of gifts
and prayers bot
Notes to pp. 678
1 Zeus the god of suppliants: 347, 4789, 616. watch . . . over: 145, 811, etc.
2 Niles outer mouth: where washed-down silt extended the Deltas channels,
PB 847. where the sand runs ne: later remarked by Pliny, Natural History 35.
Notes to p. 62
1009 (death) within the city: very at, unless it anticipates the contrast with
Polynices the invader (1019) whose corpse is to be thrown outside (1014)
[so in the gates is conjectured, the place where both brothers died (958) or
Notes to p. 60
9312 killing each other: further insistence on the fratricide, cf. 850, 88890.
934 parting: i.e. separation, but this translation is disputed. Lit. cuttingapart, in which it is dicult not to hear an echo of dividing their inheritance
Notes to pp. 589
of 883 invaded the MSS after this word; while many early editors retained it,
its deletion has caused the subsequent gap in the line-numbering].
8867 Oedipus . . . Fury: 723, 791, 9767 and n. potent: lit. sovereign, mistress,