What is a social movement?
o From the sociology tradition. It is important to understand that these movements are coming
from different backgrounds than governments and even NGOs relative to purpose and theory.
Political scientists often borrow heavily fr
MEDIA AND PUBLIC TRUST IN NGOs
o Technological Globalization
o Enemies of the Internet
o NGO Pitch & Match
o Movement for Survival of Ogoni People
o Zapatista Army of Nat l Liberation
o Not all government owned instituti
Post-writing ideas for the next policy letter
o You can assume that your audience knows something about the issue, so a
few sentences of background are all that is really needed to lay the
groundwork for your proposed policy changes.
Going back to Tuesda
What is NGO accountability?
Some actors have the right to:
Judge whether they have fulfilled their responsibilities in light of these
Hold others to a set of standards
Impose sanctions if these responsibilities have not be
NGOs and Corporate Social Responsibility
Triple bottom line: people, profits, and the planet are all important. Assumption that
ALL corporations should incorporate this idea.
Enforceable intl legal standards
Global reporting initiative
NGO Accountability to Constituencies: Funders, Members, and Clients.
NGO Rating Systems
People think of NGOs as these groups that only do good in the world, and al
How strong is civil society?
Can we even call it strong?
o The idea of civil society is different substantially in western idealism compared to eastern
philosophy. Though that western society is the primary proponent of civil society, there is no
NGOs and Human Rights
o Four Freedoms speech
o Universal Declaration of Human Rights
o Amnesty International
o UN Center for Human Rights
o Oslo Freedom Forum
o Political/civil human rights vs. economic, social & cultural human rights
Why do social movements occur?
o Why would an individual overcome the collective action problem? (Sacrifice life for a
civil war, stop eating something for a cause, ect)
Coming from the Manseur & Olsen idea of the collective action problem.
NGO Structures and Memberships
Board of Directors
If you go and talk to people on the ground in these countries, you will find a lot of people who
are very tied and
NGO Advocacy, Mobilization, and Service Provision
Advocacy and lobbying
Mobilization and protest
Joining coalitions and networks
Providing free service to areas where the government has failed.