Exam 1 Study Guide
o There have already been widespread reports about the novel hypotheses of
this work, which declares that the earth moves whereas the sun is at rest in
the center of the universe. Hence certain scholars, I have no doubt, are
Lecture 3 Notes
The burden of The Scientific Image is not to argue that scientific realism is false or
incoherent or unreasonable to believe whereas constructive empiricism is true or most
reasonable to believe!
It is only to argue that the arguments for
Lecture 2 Notes
A plausible stab: Supervenience on the values of observable variables. S is
exclusively about the observable iff any two possible worlds that differ on Ss
truth value also differ on the value of some observable variable.
Youre already talk
Lecture 1 Notes
A scientific theory is an account of the way the world is.
A scientific theory should be interpreted literally.
Science aims at finding theories that are empirically adequate (and that have
various pragmatic virtues
1. Van Fraassens arguments in Chapter 2 of The Scientific Image:
2. General form of the arguments of sections 4-7:
3. A scientific realist has argued that inferences of form F are essential to the
practice of science, and one more inference of
1. The best explanation of the fact that all those measurements give the same result
is that there really are atoms and molecules.
2. The best explanation of why science keeps coming up with such success stories is
that abduction, of the kind t
1. All aspects of scientific methodology are heavily theory-informed and theoryladen.
2. These theory-laden lead to correct predictions and experimental success.
3. How are we to explain this?
4. The best explanation is that the background theo
Exam 4 Study Guide
Theoretical principle: (x)(Px Ix)
Bridge principles: (x)(Ix Fx), (x)(Px Gx), (x)(Px Tx), (x)(Px Vx), (x)(Px
Ex), (x)(Px Sx)
Empirical regularities: none
Suppose Gb, Tb, Vb, Eb, Sb; can we infer Fb?
Does the original theory provide any
Exam 2 Study Guide
This deduction can be used to predict or explain its conclusion.
Why they are unnecessary if they serve their purpose
It follows that this deduction is valid:
cfw_Laws of Newtonian mechanics and gravitation theory
If the length of this
Lecture 4 Notes
In standard quantum theory, there is no such C.
If there is such a C, it would be a hidden variable.
Its provable that any hidden variables theory that can reproduce all the empirical
predictions of quantum theory would have weird features