Lecture 3 Notes
We looked at the status attainment model of individual achievement, which
shows the strong effect of parental socio-economic status (education and
occupation) on children's achievement. We can think of this as a model which
tells us someth
Study Aid 2
So the basic process we find operating is that class background
influences teacher expectations which influences test scores. In this
way class background is encoded into test scores, which are seen as
"objective" assessments of ability. Teach
Study Aid 1
Some of the results of this study.
For grades 1-4, total IQ increased for both the experimental and control
groups. In the early grades the bloomers tended to gain more IQ points
than did the control group.
For the reasoning component of the I
Lecture 4 Notes
We've already talked about the effects of macro level changes on the
development of cognitive ability; today we focus more directly on the
intermediate and micro levels, at school culture and classroom interactions.
At the intermediate lev
Lecture 2 Notes
III. Income distribution
The students in the class wrote their family's income and their family's position
in the income distribution in the U.S. on a sheet. Comparing the perceived
position with the actual position, two interesting observ
Lecture 1 Notes
However, they don't know that all peasants share these same relations to the
lords; they are called a class in itself. the lords, on the other hand, whom we
represented as densely interconnected, know about their common posi
In Class Assignment 1
1. the importance of this can be see by the fact that, in the US, to a large
degree the only group we allow to be "beyond the law" is the CIA,
which deals with threats to internal security.
2. An ultimately more effective solution (o
1. Freedom (definition derived from classical liberal theory):
2. Thus, we see that some form of a political system is the mechanism for
the protection of our property and for the maintenance of orderly and
voluntary social relations among people.
What makes a person human is freedom from dependence on the
will of others.
(this was often used as a justification of slavery if one is completely
enslaved, according to this notion, then one is not truly human)
2. Freedom from dependence on the
Study Aid 3
Tracking is also a disaster because decisions are made very early on - as
early as kindergarten in Ray Rist's study - and may be inaccurate. Tracks
do a lot to lock students in to career futures, and students may be tracked into
the "wrong" tr