What are Right and Wrong? How ought we to live?
o Means conversation
o Why didnt he write books of philosophy like Aristotle? He distrusts education
that comes through writing and reading. Socrates (as Plato) is ver
Daily Life in Athens
Refer to A and L
Lithicis speech studies thoroughly because of the Greek prose and language; a model of
how Greek should be spoken
They are not always telling the truth but it is always convincing. You can learn a lot by
Athens Overreaches; the defeat at Sicily
Where can you see the influence of this writer?
o Not a lot of opinion
o Pursuit of excellence
o Respected nicias
415 BC- Athenians dispatched to Sicily (Syracause)
o Nicias said no- need more supplies
The Two Faces of Athens:
Perikles Portrait of a liberal democracy
The plague at Athens
Civil war on Corcyra
The Athenian Generals @ Melos;might makes right
Should the Melians surrender to the Athenians or try to fight?
The rhetoric in which motivation is
Background to the war: Athenian Imperialism, Spartan Suspicions
Thucydides idea on how to record war
Writing a full scale prose work to present all evidence he can for a great war, like
Herodatus. Imitating Homer- great conflict.
Exiled from At
Akharnians 425 (Dikaiopolis- a poor farmer, wants end of the war for himself)
o 14 years earlier Than L- War with sparta for 6 years
o Wants to negotiate a peace treaty just for himself because no one wants
peace. He makes one of t
Date on stylistic ordering Antigone 442, Ajax 442, Elektra, Philoctetes Women
Born from 490-406
Ajax definition of Heroism is very archaic, out of the Illiad, as well as his
thoughts about how to go about life- not the way an A
Sokrates the gadfly
And what really is the Socratic method
469 BC- lives in Athens, father was a stone cutter and he learned the trade too.
He did not charge his students, no shoes, simple cloak, not rich- a man of the
His influence on others and P
Sophoclean tragedy; what does a person owe his country, his comrades, his gods,
410,409- Sophocles writes plays for festival at Dionysos- one time deal, in a time
At the festival, there were 3 playwrights (this means they sat through 9 pl
The theatre of Dionysos- human existence under a microscope
From last time
o Ground breaking ideas
Dodging theory of religious belief because it would alienate some
of his students.
Commissioned to make a law code for a new colony- Siltiels
Greek Philosopher and reek Medicine
When and where did he live (if we know)?
What question did he ask?
What was his answer?
Why or why not was this so shocking and interesting/subversive to the Greek world
Pretend that you are ex
Morality subjected to Reason: The Sophists
The birth of rhetoric
Nature in conflict with Law
The relativism of Xenophanes and Protagoras
Plutarch wrote about many famous Greeks and wrote about Pericles and the
buildings in the Acropolis
Empedokles on the life of the cosmos
Empedokles of Akragas
o In the transitional periods of cycles, there is a kind of evolution of life
forms in each case.
Asklepios (religious and mythical) (before Trojan War)
He could supposedly bring people back to li
Platos Gorgias contd
Isnt the victory of the strong Natures laws?
Contest (agon) as a disclosure of truth- this happens in all aspects of Greece (tragedy,
Olympic games, Pelo. War and Thucydides)
Gorgias- only took part for a little while, his thoughts on
Aristotle: his career and his interests and some of his leading ideas
(quiz does not include metaphysics nor the final exam-only ethicss)
All humans desire to know by their nature.
Lowest level of philosophical thinking
Aristotles Ethics is the most influ
Under each lecture I first list the lecture outline, and then (after a space) the in-class questions.
LECTURE 1: Introducing the Greeks; Cycladic & Minoan Civilizations
NB no one to sit in the last 5
Information about the Midterm test, Tuesday Sept. 30, 2012
The format of the test will be as follows:
You have 70 MINUTES to complete the test. Make sure to complete ALL FOUR parts (towards a maximum total of 130
points). The amount
Response Paper 10
Pretend you are an ancient orator and write a page either for the prosecution or the
defense of Socrates.
Socrates believed he was the wisest man of all. However, his comp
Response Paper 9
Does Lysistrata strike you as shockingly subversive in any way?
Lysistrata strikes me as a subversive text, as it presented a challenge to mens
authority that otherwise rem
Response Paper 8
Is it possible to empathize with a character that has done the unthinkable?
I believe that it is very hard, but still possible, to empathize with a character that has done
Response Paper 7
How does Thucydides representation of the Athenians compare with the representation of the
Athenians on the Parthenon Frieze?
Both Thucydidess Histories and the Parthenon F
Response Paper 6
How does Sophocles Ajax dramatize either the warriors integration into society or the
relationship between the sexes, and how effectively does it accomplish this?
Response Paper 5
What does speaking truth to power mean to you? (1st paragraph) Where have you seen it in the
ancient sources? (2nd paragraph)
I think that speaking the truth to power taken
Response Paper 4
If you were an ancient Greek athlete, would you have desired to compete in the Games? Why or
I think that if I were an ancient Greek athlete I would have desired to
Response Paper 3
In a context relevant to you, would you make the choice Achilles made? Why or why not?
Achilles was the greatest warrior of the Achaean army during the Trojan War. However,
What is interesting about Thucydidesap
CLAS 121 Study Guide
The Bronze Age: Cycladic & Minoan Civilizations
What indigenous peoples did the first Greek speakers encounter when they arrived in the
How did these civilizations receive their modern names?
What do we know about these civili
Summary of 5th Century Greece
Persian Wars end in 479 BC @ Platia in Boetia.
Miltiades (Marathon, helmet dedicated to him for winning at Marathon was found
at Olympia), Theistokles (Salamis), Kimon- power after T, son of M, Pericles