Of the Causes of Improvement in the productive Powers of Labour, and of the Order according to which its Produce is naturally distributed among the different Ranks of the People
Book I, Chapter I
Of the Division of Labor*16 The greatest impro
Lecture 3 Notes
Moral skepticism: Theory that holds that moral statements are generally false.
Mackie's main argument:
1. Moral realism is built into the meaning of ethical discourse. (the semantic
2. Moral realism is false. (the metaphysical thes
Lecture 2 Notes
1. Ethical naturalism : Holds that moral properties are 'reducible' to natural
properties. "Good" and other moral terms can be defined in non-moral terms.
2. Ethical intuitionism: Holds (i) that moral properties (at least one of them) are
Lecture 1 Notes
wo kinds of judgements/propositions:
Evaluative: Makes a positive or negative evaluation of something; says
something is good, bad, right, or wrong.
3 sub-branches of ethics:
1. Ethical Theory: Deals with gener
1. Two kinds of moral theory:
-Consequentialist theories: Hold that an action is right if it produces the
most good. (Bentham, Mill, et al.)
-Deontological theories: ("deontology" literally means "the study of
duty") Broadly: theories that are
1. The Principle of Equal Consideration of Interests : Holds that all
interests should be counted (regardless of whose interests they are) for
moral decision-making; no one's interests should be ignored or
2. Note: Does not mean tha
1. A proposition is a code claim if it can be expressed by a should
statement (eg. You should brush your teeth.)
2. Is it General?
Are there counterexamples - intuitions/ moral judgments -b.
that make it false? (e.g. You should make money.)
Review for Final Exam
First Half of Class
Validity, Soundness, non-circularity, propositions
Descartes Method of Doubt
GE Moore Hand-waving argument
The Cultural Differences Argument and Objections
Moral Skepticism/Nihilism, Moral Realism
Review for Test #2
Method of arguing for Hedonism and Objections
Argument for Consequentialism
Argument for Altruism
Criticisms of Hedonism
Plato, The Experience Machine, The Orgasmitron
PHIL 364 ETHICS & ECONOMICS SPRING 2011 First Paper Assignment
UNC-CH PHILOSOPHY Dr. Daniel Moseley
Your assignment is to write an argumentative essay on a philosophical issue. Suggested topics are provided on the next page. Your essay should present a pe
Public Goods and Externalities by Tyler Cowen Most economic arguments for government intervention are based on the idea that the marketplace cannot provide public goods or handle externalities. Public health and welfare programs, education, roads, re
Virginia Virtue - Virginia Vice*
Virginia Political Economy Lecture 1994 The old lord was dreaming that he was addressing his fellow lords in the house of lords. And he was dreaming, and dreaming . Suddenly, "oops" he woke up, and the
Lecture 4 Notes
A. J. Ayer is a logical positivist, which leads him to the argument below.
Logical positivists endorse the verification criterion of meaning, below.
1. The verification criterion of meaning: The (cognitive) meaning of a se