Hist 351 Notes 1
Phalanx on phalanx fighting
First charge for at least the last 10 yards between them
Short enough to stay in formation
The guys in the front are being pushed by 7 ranks behind them
It becomes a push-war
This can break the enemies line and
Hist 351 Notes 9
Hastati/Principes - heavy, long oval shield. Sword. 2 javelins to throw
Real fighters of the battle
Triarii - form the 3rd line of the legion. Same basic equipment, except an 8 foot spear.
They're the older, reserve line
Hist 351 Notes 8
Early Roman War and the Shift to the Manipular Legion
The rest of the world generally fought with undisciplined corporatism (Phalanx)
They fight as a unit and don't worry about decisions
The legion fought with disciplined individualists
Hist 351 Notes 7
Roman Ideology of Expansion
Rome starts as a city-state like the rest
It struggles for a long time
As it starts to expand successfully, it does several things:
Forces its former enemies into some sort of allied status
They contribute t
Hist 351 Notes 6
Eventually, the Persian method takes hold again. Find out what the population is good at
and hire them to do it.
1. You lose the homogeneity. So many types of fighters
Management problemsas a total system it is so much less flexible
Hist 351 Notes 5
After the Macedonian empire breaks up.
They go to war with each other
Macedonian rulers in charge of non-Macedonian peoples
The Hellenistic successor kings create 2 mechanisms for mobilizing their armies as mass
Hist 351 Notes 4
But Philip and Alexander don't just rely on the phalanx, they also rely upon cavalry. The
beauty of the cavalry is in its pursuitwhen people turn to run, they die.
You can destroy the army so they can't come back next week
Hist 351 Notes 3
Changes in Greece
Meanwhile, in Greece3 changes that occur within Greek warfare that are blended into
Increasing importance of peltasts
Guy without much armoradvantage is his mobility over the immobile
Hist 351 Notes 2
The Persians are not heavily armored or prepared for much charge-warfare.
The systems reliance on cohesion.
The neighbor is depending on the neighbor. The battle is lost when you
lose that faith
This cohesion will outlast th
Hist 351 Review:
-Did it spread? and how
The greek-hoplite phalanx is clearly a development process that is constantly linked to the
greek social process. This determines what the phalanx looks like and also its strength.
The system seems very dependent u