Mnemonics for order of sharps:
The order of sharps is F C G D A E B.
The order of flats is the reverse of the order of sharps: B E A D G C F. A common mnemonic
device is the word BEAD plus Greatest Common Factor.
Naming Black Keys: Accidentals
Black keys are named according to how they change the pitch associated with white keys. They
raise or lower that pitch. White keys can also be labeled with sharps or flats
The adjacent black key to the right of a whit
Compound Triple Meter
Compound triple meterthree beats per measure divided into three equal subdivisions.
In compound meter a) each beat is divided into three equal parts, and b) the value of each beat is
a dotted note. The following two examples illustra
In simple meter the value of each beat is a straightforward note, and each beat is subdivided into
two equal parts. For example, in two-four each beat gets a quarter note, and each of those quarter
notes can be subdivided into two eighth no
8 (same as 1 an octave above)
Building a Major Scale
In a major Scale, the notes have names:
The sharps in the key signatur
Intervals- Major Scale
Counted from the tonic note of a Major scale, the intervals of the
Unison, 4th, 5th, and octave are always perfect. All other
intervals (2nd, 3rd, 6th, and 7th) are always Major intervals.
Perfect intervals d
In the most generic sense, intervals measure distances between sounds. More specifically, an
interval can be defined as the distance between two pitches represented by letter names. Those
two pitches can be played simult
Meter is traditionally divided into three categories: simple meter, compound meter, and
Simple meters can be duple (two beats per measure), triple (three beats per measure), or
quadruple (four beats per measure
Rhythm & Note value
Rhythm is the essential element of music. It is the aspect of music that has to do with duration
and the organization of sound in time. Together with pitch, timbre and volume, it constitutes one
of the four basic parameters of music.
The Harmonic Minor Scale
The fact that there is a whole step between the subtonic and the tonic in the natural minor scale
creates an interesting musical situation where the ear is not led from scale degree seven into the
tonic. Some argue th