What is cognitive development?
Cognition: is the study of how the mind works. Inner processes that relate to knowing.
Focus on changes on how we think and learn
Children do not just know less than adults do, there are differences in
What can Infants do? Imitate
-Improves with age
-Smiles are imitated , you dont see a social smile until about 6 months old.
-Memories are based off of recognition in babies.
-Helps infants learn
-The same neurons fire when you
Child Psych Notes
March 27, 14
Vygotskys Sociocultural Theory
Cognition based on:
Zone of Proximinal Development
Tasks child cannot do alone, but can learn with help. What can I do with help
and what can I do?
Article Summary Options
As indicated in the syllabus, you will need to complete TWO of these article summaries by the
appropriate due date. In order to help you decide which articles most interest you, I have
included a brief statement about the article,
Child Psych 2120 Jan 14th 2014
Why do we study Child development?
Early experiences are like the foundation of a house (crucial)
When do children develop?
Prenatal-conception to birth
Infancy-birth to 2 years old
o Regular moderate exercise recommended
o Vigorous extended exercise can be problematic (lower birth weight)
o Healthy diet=300 extra calories
o Key vitamins/minerals-folic acid, calcium, magnesium, zinc, iodine
What can infants do?-Learn
o Classical conditioning
o Operant conditioning
o Short-lookers v. long-lookers
o Links to visual perception
o How long it takes for the baby to get bored with a sti
Psych January 30th 2014
Ethics in research with children and adolescents
Informed consent of parent AND child
Right to withdraw from research
The Scientific Method
Identify a problem or question
-to advance scientific knowledge of human
Child Psych February 11
Effects of Teratogens
o Prematurity, low birth weight, physical defects, born drug-addicted, difficult to
calm, motor and perceptual language problems
o Attention, memory, and academic achievement difficult
Out of all of the developmental theories that we have learned thus far in Chapter two, my
favorite is the Operant Conditioning Theory proposed by B. F. Skinner. Growing up with nine
younger siblings ha
Chapter 2 Notes January 21st 2014
Is there one developmental path that everyone follows or are there many paths?
Be wary of generalizations and averages(information from textbooks)
Characteristics like age, gender, race influence
Child Psych January 23rd 2014
Cognitive Development Piaget
Children actively construct knowledge as they explore the world
To adapt to their environment, children must organize the world in ways that they can
Childrens thinking changes in qu
Moodle Quiz 4
Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding the effects of teratogens during the fetal
a. Teratogens cause irreversible brain damage.
b. Teratogenic damage is usually minor.
c. Teratogens rarely have any i
Infant Crying Patterns
Why do infants cry?
o Signal to promote caregiving
o Communicating needs for food, comfort, stimulation (hunger)
o Let parents know something is wrong
o Response to others crying
o Cross-cultural differences
Can you distinguish th
Psych 2120 January 28th 2014
How we Study Development
Why learn about research strategies?
o Separate dependable information from misleading results
Helps us to be good consumers of developmental information
Improve the lives of chi