The Bundle Theory of the Self
Hume asks us to consider what impression gives us our concept of self. We
tend to think of ourselves as selvesstable entities that exist over time. But
no matter how closely we examine our own experiences, we never observe
The theories Hume develops in the Treatise have their foundations in the
writings of John Locke and George Berkeley, and Hume is associated with
these two men as the third in the series of great British empiricists. Like
Hume, Locke denied t
Aristotle was a student of Platos at the Academy in Athens, who then became a
tutor to Alexander the Great, before returning to Athens to set up his own
philosophy school, called the Lyceum. Aristotle had an incredibly broad and
curious mind, an
Material on Mind-body Problem
19a. What do we learn from the passage from
Plato's Phaedo on pp. 99-100 about the Platonic
"rationalist's" view of the body and the soul?
When body and soul are united, the soul has the
function of ruling and governing the b
As well as the political background just stressed, two influences are extremely
marked in Hobbess work. The first is a reaction against religious authority as it
had been known, and especially against the scholastic philosophy that accepted
Hume begins by arguing for the validity of empiricism, the premise that all
of our knowledge is based on our experiences, and using this method to
examine several philosophical concepts. First, he demonstrates that all of our
complex ideas are forme
*13a. Explain Darwin's notions of "variations,"
"struggle for existence," and "natural selection."
Variations are features of offspring that differ from
those of their parents. We know now, although Darwin
didn't, that these variat
The Dialogues are a series of discussions about the rationality of religious
belief between the fictional characters Cleanthes, Philo, and Demea. Demea
represents religious dogmatism and insists that we cannot come to know the
nature of God throug
1. Why is a person's answer to the question
regarding human nature a highly significant one?
(74) A view of human nature is a view of what humans
generally do and what they are capable of doing, both
at their worst and at their best.
Religious Morality Versus Moral Utility
Hume proposes the idea that moral principles are rooted in their utility, or
usefulness, rather than in Gods will. His version of this theory is unique.
Unlike his Utilitarian successors, such as John Stuart Mill, H
Hobbes is the founding father of modern political philosophy Directly or
indirectly, he has set the terms of debate about the fundamentals of political life
right into our own times. Few have liked his thesis, that the problems of politica