What is civilization?
Skara Brae, ca 3100-2000 BC, northeastern side of Scotland
o Shows evidence of tool usage
o Community/ structure
o Had some way to feed workers while working on structures
Stonehenge, Wiltshire, England,
The Axial Age
The Axial Age is a fascinating topic because it represents a major
change in the way humans were to forever after view themselves.
Karen Armstrong writes: The Axial Age marks the beginning of
humanity as we know it (Buddha, p 11
Revised: 6 January 2013
Brigham Young University
Fall Semester 2013
History 201, Section 004
World Civilization to 1400 AD
9:00-9:50 pm MWF
TAs: Daniel Huestis
Hours: MW 10 -10:40 am; 12:1240; and by appt.
Instructor: P.B. Pixton
REVISED SYLLABUS for the REST of FALL SEMESTER 2013
9th week: Oct 28
Reading: Kishlansky Upanishads
Classical India (cont.)
Video Clip: Asoka
Reading: F-A 110-116, review 144-158
The Apology by Plato is a recount of Socrates trail for heresy and corrupting the morals of the youth of ancient
Greece. Socrates, an Athenian his entire life, served in the Peloponnesian Wars as an armed so
According to Kishlansky, Herodotus was the first narrative historian. The details of his life are obscure, and very little
is known about him aside from what he reveals about himself in his own work. His gre
Aristotle was one of the most influential of the Greek philosophers and he had a very reputable background also. The
son of a physician, he was taught the concepts of medicine and biology from a very young age and
The Book of Genesis
The Book of Genesis is the first book of the Old Testament as well as the first book of the Hebrew Torah. It was
composed during the tenth and sixth century B.C.E. and it tell the Jude
The Upanishads were composed during the sixth and seventh centuries B.C and very are famous compilations of
teachings from Vedic philosophers. They come in the form of dialogues between tea
Lesson for Women
Pan Chao was very important to ancient Chineses literature. She was born to a prestigious literary family that had
served for generations for Chinese rulers. Even though Pan Chaos fath
1. Markets fail when there are negative externalities in that more than the optimal
amount is produced and the price is too low. In other words, if less were
produced, the loss to the producer would be more than offset by gains to those
1. Nominal GDP is a measure of output of the economy in a given year, in terms of
the dollar of that year, whereas real GDP measures output of the economy in
terms of dollars in a base year. In other words, real GDP corrects for inflation
110, SECTION 1
TTh 1:30-5:00 p.m. or by appointment at other mutually convenient
Economics and Public Policy: An Analytical Approach (6t
1. No, government fiscal policy will not always stabilize the economy because the
government is unable to tell whether aggregate demand shocks or aggregate
supply shocks have occurred, how long the policy will take to reach its full
1. Technology, the labor force, the capital stock, and natural resources.
2. An increase in the price level has no effect on potential real output.
3. Full employment of labor is determined by the real wage. The economy will have
1. A monopoly creates an inefficiency in a sense that at the profit maximizing
quantity and price, marginal willingness to pay is greater than marginal cost. In
other words, total welfare would increase if the monopoly increased its
1. Aggregate demand is the sum of the amount that agents in an economy are
prepared to purchase for consumption, investment, net exports, and, government
spending purposes at different price levels.
2. Aggregate supply is the aggregate or total
1. There is a market failure when there are public goods in the sense that they are
2. Information is a public good because it is often nonrival and nonexcludable. That
is, if someone else uses the information, that doesnt affec
1. Yes. The court should not waste resources investigating cases where it is clear
nobody was harmed.
2. If prices differ by more than the difference in costs, price discrimination is
occurring. This suggests that paperback and hardback book pr
Chapter 22: Bonding in Ionic Compounds
Metal energy band
How does the metal energy band show how we cant see through metal?
o Every single color can be absorbed thats why we cant see through it
o Quiz question: how does this explain why semiconductors onl
1. Fiscal policy can create inflation, but not sustained inflation. This is because there
is an upper bound on government spending and a lower bound on taxes. As a
percentage of GDP government spending cannot exceed (or even approach) 100
1. In the case of (binding) price ceilings, there is an excess demand. The available
goods must be rationed among those willing to buy them at the regulated price. In
the case of a price floor, there is an excess supply. Since the amount availa
1. Frictional unemployment occurs when, in a dynamic economy, individuals
entering the labor force or changing jobs do not immediately find a job even
though there are jobs available.
2. Our measure of unemployment tends to be inaccurate becaus
1. Inflation. Remember the Fisher Equation.
2. Consumption might change with changes in the money supply, since high interest
rates provide an incentive to save and, thus, a disincentive to consume.
3. Because of the cyclical, up and down, natu