Chapter 12A-Emotional Behaviors, Stress, and
1. Psychologists use physiological measurements, such as PET and fMRI scans, to
determine which emotion a person is experiencing.
2. The parasympathetic nervous system consists of n
1. Radical behaviorists reject the idea that internal states (such as thoughts and feelings)
2. Unlike methodological behaviorists, radical behaviorists are willing to use observable
behaviors to m
Chapter 2-Scientific Methods in Psychology
1. The goal of scientific research is to establish comprehensive explanations of
observable events. These explanations are called
2. A solid theory
Chapters 1-16-Final Examination
1. The assumption that everything that happens has a cause is called
C. the representativeness heuristic.
2. The philosophical belief that every behavior has a cause i
1. The subjective experience of perceiving oneself and other entities is known as
C. the mind-brain problem.
2. Measurements of brain activity during a binocular rivalr
1. What does "psychometric" mean?
A. based on theory
B. based on measurements of individual differences
C. based on an analysis of motivation and emotion
D. based on the study of intelligence
2. When Spearman described th
1. Suppose you wanted to study learning in alligators. You give an alligator food if it
approaches a green wall but not if it approaches a red wall. After hundreds of trials the
alligator still approaches each wall equally. W
Chapter 8-Cognition and Language
1. The study of how people think, acquire knowledge, imagine, plan, and solve problems
is called _ psychology.
2. This chapter mainly concerns itself with wh
1. Psychologists use the term memory to refer to
A. the process of retaining information as well as to the information retained.
B. the process of retaining information only.
C. the information retained only.
D. the process of
Chapter 13-Social Psychology
1. Somebody who studies the everyday behaviors of more or less normal people and
their relationships with other such people would be a
A. cognitive psychologist.
B. behavioral psychologist.
C. social psychologist.
1. The idea that individuals are basically destructive and have to be held in check by
society are views that were expressed by _ and _.
A. Jean-Jacques Rousseau.Carl Rogers
B. Thomas Hobbes.Carl Rogers
C. Jean-Jacques Ro
Chapter 4-Sensation and Perception
1. The conversion of energy from the environment into a pattern of responses by the
nervous system (as opposed to interpreting that information) is called
Chapter 11-Motivated Behaviors
1. Although motivation can be difficult to define, your text defines motivation as
A. an unseen force that propels into action.
B. whatever makes our behavior more vigorous and energetic.
C. the process that deter
Chapter 12-Emotional Behaviors, Stress, and
1. Which of the following statements regarding emotion is TRUE?
A. Emotion has been a popular research topic for as long as psychology has been a
B. Although emotion has become a popul
Chapter 5-Nature, Nurture, and Human
1. A human nucleus has _ pairs of _.
2. Each egg and sperm cell has
A. 13 single chromosomes.
B. 13 pairs of chromosomes.
C. 23 pairs o
Chapter 16-Specific Disorders and Treatments
1. The difference between fear and anxiety is that
A. fear is, by definition, more intense than anxiety.
B. anxiety is, by definition, more intense than fear.
C. anxiety, unlike fear, is generally as
Chapter 15A-Abnormality, Therapy, and Social
1. Over the years, people have had many views of what abnormal behavior is, and what
causes it. One recurrent idea is demon possession, a popular idea in medieval Europe
and still a widespread
Chapter 4A-Sensation and Perception
1. Although no human has ever traveled to other galaxies, based on our knowledge of
color vision, psychologists predict that the universe is filled with new colors that are very
different than the colors we h
Chapter 2A-Scientific Methods in Psychology
1. A falsifiable theory is a theory that scientists have tested and proved to be false.
2. The burden of proof concept argues that it is up to the skeptic to prove that no person
Chapter 5A-Nature, Nurture, and Human
1. Except for your red blood cells, all of your cells contain a nucleus, which includes
strands of hereditary material called chromosomes.
2. A mother gives birth to a pair of twins:
1. Memory processing in which the salience and recency of the information affects the
degree to which it is saved is more similar to a computer model of memory than a
human model of memory.
2. Free recall, cued reca
Chapter 8A-Cognition and Language
1. Cognitive psychologists conduct the majority of their research by asking subjects to
describe their own thinking.
2. Attention is your tendency to respond to and to remember some stimuli more than
1. The finding that tests of intelligence (as well as other kinds of cognitive tests) are
positively correlated with one another is consistent with Spearman's concept of g.
2. Psychologists now agree that Spea
Chapter 11A-Motivated Behaviors
1. Motivation is the process that determines the reinforcement value of an outcome.
2. The fact that some people seek out and enjoy the opportunity to ride a roller coaster is
best explained by the dri
Chapter 3-Biological Psychology
1. A/An _ explanation would attempt to understand migration by examining
mechanisms that produce migratory behavior whereas a/an _ explanation would
attempt to explain migratory behavior by understanding how that
Chapter 13A-Social Psychology
1. Psychologists once regarded morality as a set of arbitrary, learned rules, such as
learning to stop at a red light and go at a green light.
2. To measure the maturity of someones moral judgments, Kohl
Chapter 16A-Specific Disorders and
1. Tina is constantly bothered by worries that others see as exaggerated. There are times
that Tina finds herself worrying and she doesn't even know why. Tina has recently begun
to take antidepressa
1. Freud's influence within psychology has declined substantially over time.
2. One of the major strengths of Freud's theory is that it is highly parsimonious.
3. According to Freud, personality tra
1. Neural activity is the same when stimuli are consciously perceived as compared to
when they are not consciously perceived.
2. Spatial neglect occurs in certain cases where there is damage to parts of the
Chapter 15-Abnormality, Therapy, and Social
1. "Medical students' disease" is
A. a viral disease frequently contracted by medical students who work extensively with
B. a psychological disorder doctors at teaching hospitals get