Attacks the Scientist
Instead of attacking the hypothesis or the data; science is not personal, political, or religious.
Fear-driven or "sales" driven, person has something to gain (such as power, money or control).
Confuses Cause & Effe
Streams and Floods
Stream - any flow of water through a channel
Bring water to irrigate crops
Supply drinking water
Provide coolant for power plants
Create ecosystems for wildlife
Sites for recreation
Death and destruction
The Nile River:
Thinking about time
Andy Goldsworthy - short lived sculptures out of snow, mud, leaves, and branches
Longest lived sculptures are composed of rocks
Rocks also form pyramids, great wall of China
Truly understand geologic time need to transiti
Rocks and Minerals
Earth Scientists: Nature Detectives
Geologists use rocks to piece together the clues about a regions history.
Knowledge about the composition and distribution of rocks serves many purposes in
Enables us to locate impor
Volcanologists of rapid-response volcano disaster assistance program (VDAP)
Use knowledge of volcanoes to travel from their base in Vancouver, Washington to help
all over the world
Formed 1985 by geologic survey and us office of foreign disas
Experiencing an earthquake first hand
We know what's coming, we just don't know when
Many of the worlds largest cities are located near tectonic plate boundaries represent zones of
frequent earthquake activity
Cities like los Angeles and san
Paradigm shift - occurs when undergo a fundamental change in our view or rethink our understanding of
a basic concept
Chapter 2 paradigm shift from geocentric to the heliocentric view of earth's relationship to the
Another key paradigm
Near Earth Objects
Occurred in 1992
12 kg (30 lb.) meteorite about the size of a football
Passed from trunk through the gas tank of a 1980 Chevrolet Malibu classic
Car sold for $10,000 and the meteorite sold for seven times that
NEO - NEAR-
An early concept that the Earth lies at the center of the solar system.
Earth revolves around the sen.
How long was the geocentric orbit believed?
Who suggested and confirmed the heliocentric theory?
weathering erosion transport and deposition
what makes rocks?
modern environment interpret
the history and origin of old rocks
rocks and related material
rocks are made of
minerals are made of
Model or pattern for thinking about a situation.
A change in an accepted view or understanding of a concept.
Characteristics of lithosphere
Rigid layer, crust and uppermost mantle, and divided into tectonic plates.
Most deaths during earthquakes are due to?
Building collapse and tsunami
Mega-earthquakes occur along what?
What do we feel during an Earthquake?
The movement along a fault plane.
a fracture in the crust where movement has occurred
What are the 4 terrestrial planets?
Mercury, venus, earth, and mars
4 jovian planets
Saturn, jupiter, neptune, uranus
Object that orbits a star, massive enough for gravity to pull it into approximately spherical shape,
and has cleared the neighborh
the surface point above the focus
Seismic waves travel in what direction from where?
They travel in all directions from the focus
What are seismic waves recorded on and what is it called?
Recorded on s seismograph and the printed record is calle
A way of knowing.
Doing science you need.
oberservations, a testable hypothesis and one or more predictions.
facts, measurements, information, and empirical data collected using the 5 senses
a testable e
Subject to change, constantly updated when more information is gathered- change is part of the
Able to be observed, experiments can verify or falsify the hypothesis.
Using the 5 senses to gather data, measurable and a
the disintegration and/or decomposition of rock at or near Earth's surface
the movement of material down a slope due to gravity (includes landslides, avalanches, etc.)
the transportation of material by water, wind or ice
properties of minerals
how they look, react, feel, smell, and taste
how light reflects
breaking without planes
how minerals reac
Groundwater and Wetlands
Consumption of bottled water growing even though we have tap water available - one quarter of all
water sold commercially in US is bottled tap water
Where drinking water comes from
Originally comes from streams and lakes on earth'