The Peloponnesian War
They'd fought cooperatively against the Persian enemy during the prolonged
Persian Wars, but afterwards, relations, strained even then, fell further apart. Greek
against Greek, the Peloponnesian War wore both sides down leading to a
The Domesday Book is one of Medieval England's greatest treasures. The Domesday
Book is closely linked withWilliam the Conqueror's attempt to dominate Medieval
England. Along with a string of castles throughout England, the Domesday Book was
The word comes from various terms feod/fief/benefice/honor and it develops as a system during
the Carolingian reign. With the breakup into smaller territories after the death of Charlemagne,
there are more kings competing for loyal subjects. The
TANG TAIZONG (r. 627-649) Tang Dynasty
-Reduced civil servants and size of government
-Created civil service exams
-Simplified law codes and cracked down on crime
-Low taxes on peasants
-Rebuilt large road network
-Created equal field sys
A former prostitute who became empress by marrying Justinian. Just as it appeared that the
Justinian would lose during the Nika Revolt (see next slide), Theodora said something to the
effect of empire is a fitting burial shroud, meaning she would
Exarchates - 1, 2
1. Military headquarters outside the heart of the Roman Empire
2. Ravenna and Carthage
Herakleios of the Eastern Roman Empire
1. Returned from wars with the True Cross
1. Themes are military districts where civilian adminis
Byzantine Military Theme of Longobardia
Frederick II of Hohenstaufen (or of Souabe) reigned over the Puglia in the early 13th Century
and raised the region to the height of its splendour. In 1233, he had this castle built on the fo
-Impressive city planning, grid-like
first known indian civilization
Aryans vs Dravidians; Shudras
Aryans conquered the Dravidians
Aryans outside civilization that influxed in and easily co
Island located Northwest of Crete Thera = modern Santorini
Unearthed fresces from the island indicate signs of destruction in Minoan-Mycenaean period.
Originally thought these earthquakes/volcanic eruptions responsible for destruction of Is
Small island in the Aegean Sea. A volcano in 1629BC changed the geography of the island
permanently; many former sites now submerged or covered by volcanic dust. The recovered sites
on Thera provide us with archaeological info about the
The Brothers Gracchi:
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus were a pair of tribunes of the plebs from the 2nd Century BC, who
sought to introduce land reform and other populist legislation in ancient Rome.
- They were both members of the Populares, a group of polit
Fertile area between the Tigris and Euphrates River.
Area for the first sophtisticated civilizations, between Tigris & Euphrates (today Iraq).
two rivers with rich soil surrounding Mesopotamia.
a system of writing with a
A monarch whose wealth was legendary. Lydia's most famous king.
Cyrus II (Cyrus the Great)
First ruler of the Persian empire who conquered the Median, Lydian and Neo-Babylonian
empires around 547 B.C. Known for his peaceful style of rule
Egyptian unifier who completed the conquest of the Hyksos from the delta region.
married to Nefertari. Patric family from Thebes, overthrows Hyksos. Conquered all of Nubia &
Palestina, put governors in former kings places. Egyptian imper