HIST 2050 Final Exam
How the Market Revolution Furthered the Separation between the North and South
There were many factors that led to the Northern and Southern societies pushing in
different directions. Perhaps the most contributi
Womens Activities and Roles Prior, During, and After the Civil War
I chose to look at Augusta newspaper articles with topics revolving around Womens
activities and roles surrounding these time periods. The articles chosen
The Peloponnesian War
They'd fought cooperatively against the Persian enemy during the prolonged
Persian Wars, but afterwards, relations, strained even then, fell further apart. Greek
against Greek, the Peloponnesian War wore both sides down leading to a
The Domesday Book is one of Medieval England's greatest treasures. The Domesday
Book is closely linked withWilliam the Conqueror's attempt to dominate Medieval
England. Along with a string of castles throughout England, the Domesday Book was
The word comes from various terms feod/fief/benefice/honor and it develops as a system during
the Carolingian reign. With the breakup into smaller territories after the death of Charlemagne,
there are more kings competing for loyal subjects. The
TANG TAIZONG (r. 627-649) Tang Dynasty
-Reduced civil servants and size of government
-Created civil service exams
-Simplified law codes and cracked down on crime
-Low taxes on peasants
-Rebuilt large road network
-Created equal field sys
A former prostitute who became empress by marrying Justinian. Just as it appeared that the
Justinian would lose during the Nika Revolt (see next slide), Theodora said something to the
effect of empire is a fitting burial shroud, meaning she would
Exarchates - 1, 2
1. Military headquarters outside the heart of the Roman Empire
2. Ravenna and Carthage
Herakleios of the Eastern Roman Empire
1. Returned from wars with the True Cross
1. Themes are military districts where civilian adminis
Byzantine Military Theme of Longobardia
Frederick II of Hohenstaufen (or of Souabe) reigned over the Puglia in the early 13th Century
and raised the region to the height of its splendour. In 1233, he had this castle built on the fo
-Impressive city planning, grid-like
first known indian civilization
Aryans vs Dravidians; Shudras
Aryans conquered the Dravidians
Aryans outside civilization that influxed in and easily co
Island located Northwest of Crete Thera = modern Santorini
Unearthed fresces from the island indicate signs of destruction in Minoan-Mycenaean period.
Originally thought these earthquakes/volcanic eruptions responsible for destruction of Is
Small island in the Aegean Sea. A volcano in 1629BC changed the geography of the island
permanently; many former sites now submerged or covered by volcanic dust. The recovered sites
on Thera provide us with archaeological info about the
The Brothers Gracchi:
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus were a pair of tribunes of the plebs from the 2nd Century BC, who
sought to introduce land reform and other populist legislation in ancient Rome.
- They were both members of the Populares, a group of polit
Fertile area between the Tigris and Euphrates River.
Area for the first sophtisticated civilizations, between Tigris & Euphrates (today Iraq).
two rivers with rich soil surrounding Mesopotamia.
a system of writing with a
A monarch whose wealth was legendary. Lydia's most famous king.
Cyrus II (Cyrus the Great)
First ruler of the Persian empire who conquered the Median, Lydian and Neo-Babylonian
empires around 547 B.C. Known for his peaceful style of rule
Egyptian unifier who completed the conquest of the Hyksos from the delta region.
married to Nefertari. Patric family from Thebes, overthrows Hyksos. Conquered all of Nubia &
Palestina, put governors in former kings places. Egyptian imper
A king or queen with complete authority over the government and people in a kingdom
belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
This was the Holy Roman Emperor that called for the Diet of Worms. He was a
King of the Franks who conquered much of Western Europe, great patron of leterature and
A region around Rome that was captured from the Lombards by Pepin the Short and given to the
French law court officials.
Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Title given to Mongol leaders, meaning "supreme ruler"
Mongolian Emperor whose empire stretched from the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean (11621227)
period of stability through much of Asia created by Mon
1096 Christian Europe aim to reclaim Jerusalem and aid they Byzantines; 1st success and the rest
a failure; weakens the Byzantines; opens up trade.
Jerusalem and parts of the surrounding area where Jesus lived and taught.
Pope Urban II
Chapter 12 Test Vocab
person who opposed to use of icons encourarged the worship of idols.
golden age; issued written law code, translated Greek to his own language; arranged marriages
an alphabet drived from the Greek
age of exploration
Time period during the 15th and 16th centuries when Europeans searched for new sources of
wealth and for easier trade routes to China and India. Resulted in the discovery of North and
South America by the Europeans.
Technologies for exp
Chapter 10 Test Study Guide
West Africa's earliest known culture; lived in what is now Nigeria; between 500 B.C. and A.D.
200; first people known to smelt iron; fashioned iron into tools for farming and weapons for
a family of languages
The Treaty of Tordesillas
Just months after Christopher Columbus returned to Europe from his maiden
voyage to the New World, the Spanish-born Pope Alexander VI gave Spain a headstart in the quest for domination over newly discovered regions of the world.
Sfoza Dynasty Family Notes
The founder of the Sforza dynasty was Muzio Attendolo Sforza (1369-1424).
- The son of a peasant family, he became a successful condottiere, a professional
soldier for hire. In the course of his career, he fought for many employ
manorialism, also called Manorial System, Seignorialism, or Seignorial System, political,
economic, and social system by which the peasants of medieval Europe were rendered dependent
on their land and on their lord.
- Its basic unit was the manor, a self-
Fear of Catholic tyranny
The Glorious Revolution of 1688-1689 replaced the reigning king, James II, with the joint
monarchy of his protestant daughter Mary and her Dutch husband, William of Orange. It was the
keystone of the Whig (those opposed to a Catho