Centered on 3 Squares: church, city hall, market
Made money with trade (wool is popular)
Made up of Palazzo del Campo (town), del marco (market), del Duomo (church)
Many territories owned by Venice
Head of the state is called the "Doge"
Reached its apex in 13th century
By the time of Palladio the population began to shrink
Venice's leading architect of the first half of the 16th century
meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their needs
the practice of sustainable design and construction
a life-cycle basis, from the origins o
Symmetry around an axis; an object is axially symmetrical if it's appearance is
unchanged if rotated around its axis
Thecorrect and meaningful use of the orders to reinforce the role of a buildingand its
Construction Specifications Institute (CSI)
this organization is composed both of interdependent architects and engineers, and of
industry members; created MasterFormat, which organizes information about
construction materials and systems
a set of regulations intended to ensure a minimum standard of health and safety in
model building code
a code that is offered by a recognized national organization as worthy of adoption by
state or local governments
Why were the walls of the Egyptian buildings typically battered?
As a response to gravity. disperse load at 45 degrees; need more and more materials to
support the walls
Why were the columns in an Egyptian temple so closely
Because egyptians used
lantern - openwork construction placed on top of a building to admit light and allow
smoke to escape
the intersection of two or three barrel vaults when they are edged with an armature of
piped masonry ofter carve in decorative patterns.
Gardenism. No longer following rules of man but, nature and landscape.
Like a picture, paintings by Claude Lorrain
Mediterranean landscape with architectural ruins
Doesn't move to England or learn English
Firmness, Delight, Commodity
Three qualities a structure must contain to be architecture according to roman architect
tuscan, composite orders
tuscan - very plain design, with plain shaft and simple capital, base and frieze.
Last Gothic/Medieval King
Separates England from the church so he could divorce
9 years old and sick child
His reign was mostly regency and he died at 15
52 years old wants to marry Phi
Draw the cross section of the typical Roman basilica
What was the Pharos?
It was a giant light house built on the island of Pharos at the entrance of the harbor of
What event resulted in the destruction of the Library at
Basic Lighting Factors that effect visual performance:
-The LEVEL OF ILLUMINATION on the visual object
-The CONTRAST between the visual object and its background
-The SIZE of the visual object
-The TIME OF EXPOSURE to the visual exposure
the dead protective layer that covers the trunk of the tree
the thin layer beneath the bark of the tree that manufactures cells of wood and bark
the living wood in the outer region of a tree trunk or branch
the dead wood cel
a beam, truss, or slab that extends beyond its last point of support
structural wood panel
have three different categories: plywood, veneer, and composite board
wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bounded toget
one or more of the many discontinuities in the structure of the lumber from the tree
which it came from
one or more of the many discontinuities in the structure of the lumber that were created
at the mi
Room Cavity Ratio (Zonal Cavity Method)
The cavity ratio is the wall area of the particular cavity to the horizontal floor area. To
increase the range of values, the quotient achieved by dividing the wall area by the floor
area is multiplied by 2.5 to der
spiral-threaded fasteners installed by turning action whereby the threads draw the screw
tightly into the material being fastened
screws that require predrilled pilot holes into which the screw is inserted and then
tightened with a screwd
intensity of the light, related to the amplitude of the light wave
The Tendency for the peak luminance sensitivity of the human eye to shift toward the
blue end of the color spectrum at low illumination levels.
What is heating in a HVAC system?
Increase in air or surface temperature within a space.
What is Cooling in an HVAC system?
Cooling refers to an introduction of air or a surface at a lower temperature than air
What is ventilation in a HVAC sy
Typical basic required u value in a wall (by code) in this region is _
Internal loads are the result of internal gains from people, lights, and equipment? (true
An internally loaded building will typically have a higher balance poi
The energy of vibrating molecules in a substance
The measure of the average vibrating energy in each of the molecules of a substance.
Temperature at which all molecular motion stops.
SI Metric (Systeme Internationale)
Angle of Declination
the angle of the tilt of the Earth's axis with the respect to an assumed horizontal plane,
one within which the earth tends to move as it circles the sun
each degree of latitude is divided into 60 minutes and each minute into