what makes a target attractive/suitable
1. VIVA: Value, Inertia, Visibility, and Access
2. CRAVED: Concealable, Removable, Available, Valuable, Enjoyable, and Disposable.
three types of guardianship
1. social: presence/ absence of other (family, friends)
Brain Functioning that Affects Criminals Notes:
R-complex, first part to develop. Controls all reflexive, non-conscience activities.
sits atop the brain stem and serves as the alarm system. Triggers emotional reactions. Really infl
Research and Prevention Notes:
cause must precede the effect in time. in order to cause something it must come first.
there must be a relationship between the two variables
establish that the relationship betwe
Introduction to Courts Notes:
Rule of Law
Requires a nation to recognize the supremacy of certain fundamental values and principles.
Must be committed to writing
Must be executed via a system of procedures that hold the gov't to these principles
social learning theory
people learn to engage in delinquency through interactions with others. juveniles learn to commit
delinquency from the exposure to antisocial definitions.
differential association theory
if an individual possesses an
Law and Court Case Notes:
Common law writ issued by a superior tribunal to an inferior tribunal requiring the
inferior tribunal to produce a record or file so that review may be conducted.
due process revolution
a period in the 1960s during whi
American Violence Notes:
Forcefull sexual intercourse
Attack involves unwanted sexual contact
-UCR only females
-NCVS both genders with people above 12 years old
Characteristics of victims
-2/3 offender is NOT a stranger
Lifecourse Criminology Notes:
an interconnection of trajectories that are influenced by societal changes and shirt-term developmental
life events that occurs over shorter period of time
pathway/line of deve
Juvenile Delinquency Notes:
what is delinquency?
violations of the criminal law by minors
how are juveniles viewed differently than adult offenders?
immature, irresponsible, under developed.
how are juvenile delinquents treated differently than adult
Carroll vs. US
the automobile exception to search warrant requirement
you don't need a warrant to search the car if you believe there is contraband present
Terry vs. Ohio
stop and frisk based on reasonable suspicion (terry stop)
Miranda v Arizona (1966)
the persistence in criminal behavior or style of interacting over time
the maintenance of processes or functions
stability vs. continuity
stability is the consistency in rank order across time and continuity refers to the maintenance
Crime Prevention Notes:
sources of data to measure the magnitude of crime
2. Victimization surveys
3. Self-report surveys
3 factors that affect fear of crime
1. vicarious victimization
2. perceived vulnerability
2 reasons wh