14,500 executions under civil authority
Most were for murder and rape
Supreme Court limits to first-degree murder
with aggravated circumstances
36 states- Military- US Government
Women and Crime
26 April 2016
Human Trafficking in other Countries
Violence and crime happen around the world every day. Crime as small as speeding to as
large as trafficking and murder. The largest criminal orga
Crime Prevention Notes:
sources of data to measure the magnitude of crime
2. Victimization surveys
3. Self-report surveys
3 factors that affect fear of crime
1. vicarious victimization
2. perceived vulnerability
2 reasons wh
Brain Functioning that Affects Criminals Notes:
R-complex, first part to develop. Controls all reflexive, non-conscience activities.
sits atop the brain stem and serves as the alarm system. Triggers emotional reactions. Really infl
Research and Prevention Notes:
cause must precede the effect in time. in order to cause something it must come first.
there must be a relationship between the two variables
establish that the relationship betwe
Introduction to Courts Notes:
Rule of Law
Requires a nation to recognize the supremacy of certain fundamental values and principles.
Must be committed to writing
Must be executed via a system of procedures that hold the gov't to these principles
social learning theory
people learn to engage in delinquency through interactions with others. juveniles learn to commit
delinquency from the exposure to antisocial definitions.
differential association theory
if an individual possesses an
Law and Court Case Notes:
Common law writ issued by a superior tribunal to an inferior tribunal requiring the
inferior tribunal to produce a record or file so that review may be conducted.
due process revolution
a period in the 1960s during whi
American Violence Notes:
Forcefull sexual intercourse
Attack involves unwanted sexual contact
-UCR only females
-NCVS both genders with people above 12 years old
Characteristics of victims
-2/3 offender is NOT a stranger
Lifecourse Criminology Notes:
an interconnection of trajectories that are influenced by societal changes and shirt-term developmental
life events that occurs over shorter period of time
pathway/line of deve
Juvenile Delinquency Notes:
what is delinquency?
violations of the criminal law by minors
how are juveniles viewed differently than adult offenders?
immature, irresponsible, under developed.
how are juvenile delinquents treated differently than adult
Carroll vs. US
the automobile exception to search warrant requirement
you don't need a warrant to search the car if you believe there is contraband present
Terry vs. Ohio
stop and frisk based on reasonable suspicion (terry stop)
Miranda v Arizona (1966)
the persistence in criminal behavior or style of interacting over time
the maintenance of processes or functions
stability vs. continuity
stability is the consistency in rank order across time and continuity refers to the maintenance
what makes a target attractive/suitable
1. VIVA: Value, Inertia, Visibility, and Access
2. CRAVED: Concealable, Removable, Available, Valuable, Enjoyable, and Disposable.
three types of guardianship
1. social: presence/ absence of other (family, friends)
Race and crime violence
Theories of violence- 2 basic types of theories (social structure&social process)
Social process- looks at the individual, are better fit for topic than social structure
Froyd- id, ego, and super ego
Impulsivity- is the most import
Race and crime gun safety paper
Gun Safety: My Advice
What is more intrinsically American that Coca-Cola and cheeseburgers?
Guns. Unfortunately, many people are unaware or simply do not care to learn
about gun safety. Although I am no professional firearm
Race and crime family review
We must look at the social & economic inequality- these account for both racial and
ethnic disparities in the CJ system.
Income of Median Families (2 people or more) in 2009
Black families $32,548
Hispanic families $38,039
Race and crime study quide section 6 review
Discuss victimization in terms of household and personal victimization.
What is the fleeing felon rule? Old and New.
OLD: shoot first ask later
NEW Deffense of Life rule: Officer can only shoot if danger is
Race and crime exam 1 study guide
Your exam will consist of approximately 50 multiple choice questions and will
cover chapters 1 5 of the Walker book. Your exam is Friday October 11, 2013.
Use this guide to aid in your studying.
Discuss the black/white di
Race and Crime people review
Wednesday, August, 13
W.E.B. DuBois- The problem of the 20th century is the problem of the color line
1 in 4 adult blacks argue that race relations have not changed much since the
march on Washington.
In 2009 the incarceration
Race and crime questions for review
How have black women been treated in the CJS? How is this different from
What is the theoretical perspective taken by our authors?
What is zero tolerance policing?
Discuss the research on police trigger fin
Race and crime social review
Urbanism as a Way of Life
A type of social organization in which people are closely tied by
kinship and tradition
A type of social organization in which people come together only on
the basis of indiv
Race and crime section 5 review
Wednesday, September 11
Wrong people convicted of beating lady so bad her eye fell out. It was in fact only
one man, but 6 young men were convicted.
NCVS- National Crime Victimization Survey. This is where we get the most
Race and crime section 3 review
Race- The Major biological divisions of mankind. Which are distinguished by
color of skin, color and texture of hair, bodily proportions, and other physical
3 Main Groups- Caucasians, Negroids, and Mongoloids.
American violence behavior review
Common Behavior Traits
1. White male
2. Enter school and start shooting at random
3. Age varies
4. Suburban or rural schools
5. Lives with middle class family
6. Internet and video games
7. Fascinated with weapons
American Violence risk employees review
Characteristics of Risky Employees
Inability to accept criticism
Taking up supervisors time with problems
Lack of concern for safety of others
Lack of concern for company property
Complaints by co-workers regarding
American violence Levels review
Frequent displays of intense anger, resulting in:
Recurrent suicidal threats
Recurrent physical fights
Destruction of property
Utilization of weapons to harm others
Commission of violence (murder, arson, etc.)
American Violence hate crimes review
Types of Hate Crime Motivation
U.S. Dept. of Justice
Hate Crime Laws
Laws defining bias-motivated acts as distinct crimes
Criminal penalty enhan
American Violence section 1 review
There have been periods of history in which episodes of terrible violence occurred
but for which the word violence was never used.Violence is shrouded in justifying
myths that l
American violence section 2 review
Crime is defined as a violation of societal rules of behavior as interpreted and
expressed by a criminal legal code created by people holding social and political
power. Individuals who violate these rules are subject to