Test Bank - Chapter 6
The questions in the test bank cover the concepts from the lessons in Chapter 6. Select
questions from any of the categories that match the content you covered with students. The
types of questions include multiple choice, true/false
Basic Facts on Carbon:
Carbon is the basis for organic chemistry, as it occurs in all living
Carbon is a nonmetal that can bond with itself and many other chemical
elements, forming nearly ten million compounds.
Elemental carbon can take the fo
Functional groups are groups of atoms found wi
In organic chemistry, hyperconjugation is the interaction of the electrons in a sigma bond
(usually CH or CC) with an adjacent empty (or partially filled) non-bonding p-orbital,
antibonding orbital, or filled orbital, to give an extended
Conjugated systems in pigments
Conjugated systems have unique properties that give rise to strong colors. Many pigments make
use of conjugated electron systems, such as the long conjugated hydrocarbon chain in betacarotene, resulting in a strong orange co
Bronsted-Lowry Definition of Acids and Bases
We will use the Bronsted-Lowry definitions for acids and bases:
Acids are species that donate a proton (H+).
bases are species that accept a proton.
HNO3 (aq) + H2O
NO3-(aq) + H3O+(aq)
Keq = a
Are organic compounds that contain hydrocarbons which are the foundation for
the structure and function of living cells. Lipids are non polar so they are soluble in
nonpolar environments thus not being water soluble because water is polar.
The actual three-demensional arrangement of groups around a chirality center.
The product of the addition of two equivalents of an alcohol to an aldehyde or a ketone.
A carbon nucleophile generated by treating
Chapter 6: Reactions of Alkenes : Addition Reactions
Addition of non-symmetrical reagent to a non-symmetrical alkene, then two isomeric
products that are constitutional isomers can be obtained. For example, the reaction of
HCl with propen
A solid in which the individual molecules are arranged with a very high degree of order.
A pericyclic reaction in which two molecules react to form two new sigma bonds between the
end atoms of their pi systems, res
The region about the nucleus of an atom where, if the orbital contains an electron, the probability
of finding an electron is very high.
In the chair formation of cyclohexane, a bond that is parallel to the axis of the ring.