Primary focus of each of the grand theories and Newer theories.
1. Psychoanalytic-Holds that irrational, unconscious drives and motives, often
originating in childhood, underlie human behavior.
Freuds Ideas: Psychosexual (3 stages in first
Steps in the scientific method
o Step 1- Question
o Step 2- Hypothesis
o Step 3- Test
o Step 4- Analyze data and draw conclusions
o Step 5- Report results
o Step 6- Replication
7. Methods of collecting data
o observational: watching objective beh
Cautions and challenges from Science
o misinterpreting correlation: confusing correlation with causation
o depending too heavily on numbers
o ignoring ethics: research must show
1- respect dignity of person,
2- responsible caring,
3-integrity in relati
Learning- a relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to
Associative learning- leaning that certain events occurs together. The events may be
two stimuli or a response to its consequences.
Classical conditioning- a type of learn
ntervention: Cesarean Section- a surgical birth. Many
advantages for hospitals (they are easier to schedule, quicker,
and- insurance pays surgeons and pays for time (days) in
hospitals- therefore more expensive).
Complications after birth- reduce breastf
1. What is development?
-the systematic changes in the individual that occur between
the moment of conception and death.
THE BOOK: science of human development = seeks to understand
how and why people change over time
3. What are the goals of