The History and
Psychologys roots are in philosophy and physiology.
Socrates, Plato and
(Fourth century B.C.E)
Father of modern
Theory of tabula rasa
Gayla Preisser, Ph.D.
Welcome and to do List
Who are we?
Why are you here?
What are we going to do?
What are the rules?
How to access Canvas? Get REVEL.
What about PSY 102 and
Preisser PSY 101
Dendrite: this gathers the electrical signal from another neuron
Axon: the tail of the neuron; the electrical signal travels down it
Preisser - MCC Psy 101
OVERVIEW OF CURRENT THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
Psychoanalytic or Psychodynamic Perspective - Grounded in Freudian Theory,
this view focuses on the unconscious, anxiety, inner drives and conflict. In modern times, the
1. What is development?
-the systematic changes in the individual that occur between
the moment of conception and death.
THE BOOK: science of human development = seeks to understand
how and why people change over time
3. What are the goals of
ntervention: Cesarean Section- a surgical birth. Many
advantages for hospitals (they are easier to schedule, quicker,
and- insurance pays surgeons and pays for time (days) in
hospitals- therefore more expensive).
Complications after birth- reduce breastf
Learning- a relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to
Associative learning- leaning that certain events occurs together. The events may be
two stimuli or a response to its consequences.
Classical conditioning- a type of learn
Cautions and challenges from Science
o misinterpreting correlation: confusing correlation with causation
o depending too heavily on numbers
o ignoring ethics: research must show
1- respect dignity of person,
2- responsible caring,
3-integrity in relati
Steps in the scientific method
o Step 1- Question
o Step 2- Hypothesis
o Step 3- Test
o Step 4- Analyze data and draw conclusions
o Step 5- Report results
o Step 6- Replication
7. Methods of collecting data
o observational: watching objective beh
Primary focus of each of the grand theories and Newer theories.
1. Psychoanalytic-Holds that irrational, unconscious drives and motives, often
originating in childhood, underlie human behavior.
Freuds Ideas: Psychosexual (3 stages in first
Introduction to Psychology and its Research Methods
Psychology definition: scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Four main goals: describe, explain, predict, and change behavior.
Structuralism vs. Functionalism:
Structuralism sought to identi
1) Compare learning and conditioning. (p. 204)
Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior or mental process due to experience.
Conditioning: Process of learning associations between environmental stimuli and behavioral
2) Define classica