Moral dilemmas are resolved in ways that reflect laws or norms.
o Parallels Piagets concrete operational stage
Older Children, adolescents, and adults
o For example a child criticizes his or her parents for speeding because it is ag
How do we define a child ?
o Biological Development Surprisingly well adapted for survival. Newborns can
recognize human faces and voices.
o Biologically hard wired and involuntary behaviors/movements
o When touched on the cheek, babies
o an adolescents struggle to identify a personal identity or self-concept
o Adolescents experiment with different possible identities.
o Some of these may be extreme
Relationships with Parents
o Adolescents and parents fight more frequentl
Exam 3 Memory and Thinking Study Guide 1
Lecture 12/Chapter 6 Memory
What is Memory?
Information Processing requires three things (encoding, etc)
Types of Memory (Sensory, Short-term, Long-term)
- Ways to process information (automatic vs effortf
Exam 3 Motivation Study Guide 2
What does Reliability and Validity mean?
Aptitude versus Achievement Tests
Nature/Nurture and IQ
Racial Differences in IQ
- Hernstein and Murray
- Kamins Cornfield analogy
Reasons for Biases in
Gender and Moral Reasoning
o Carol Gilligan:1936 o In a Different Voice (1983) - Her best-selling 1983 book, "In a Different Voice:
Psychological Theory and Women's Development," was heralded by critics as important,
provocative and imaginative.
Cultural Impacts on Psychology
In traditional societies (even our own only 50 or 100 years ago), a young man or woman looked
up to his or her parents, relations, neighbors, and teachers.
o They were decent, hard-working people (most of them) and we wanted
Nature Argument for our Behavior
Why do we act the way we do?
Is it caused by genes or the environment?
Argues that Biology influences human behavior
1. DNA influences
2. Cells influences
3. Organs influences
4. Organism which influences
Moral Dilemma Situation
Famous theory of development
Joe is a fourteen year old boy who wanted to go to camp very much. His father
promised him he could go if he saved up the money for it himself. So Joe worked
hard at his paper route and saved up the $40
Lawrence Kohlberg (1927 1987)
Saw adolescence as an important time for the development of moral reasoning
o Psychologist, moral theorist
Proposed a 3 stage theory of moral development
o Based on piagetian development
Kohlberg was born into wealth on Octob