Psychology of Adolescence
the transition period from childhood to adulthood
extending from puberty to about age 18-20?
o Historically speaking, adolescence is a relatively new concept.
o Not surprisingly, we know relatively little about the ps
Sensations of Our Senses: Smell and Touch
Our thalamus and hippocampus processes work together to help us sort out complex
Absolute Threshold The maximum capability of our senses.
Candle flame 30 miles on a clear nigh
Stages of Memory
What is Memory?
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information
o Information processing analogy: Brain is like a computer
Information Processing Remembering any event requires:
o Attachment Theory The relationshipi a child has with his or her guardians
determines the pattern of relationships he or she will have in the future.
o Emphasizes the importance of early childhood experiences, particularly
Applications of Classical Conditioning
John B. Watson (Behaviorism)
Viewed psychology as objective science, a generally agreed-upon
Recommended study of behavior without reference to unobservable
Not universally accepted
Retrieval of Information
Long-Term: memory storage that holds an UNLIMITED amount of information for an indefinite
amount of time.
Types of long-term memory:
Procedural (memory for habits and skills)
o Sematic Memory - memory for facts
Vision and Biological Attributes
Vision Our processing of what we see occurs in the Occipital Lobe of the brain.
What ever our right eye sees, information is sent to the left side of the brain.
What ever our left eye sees, information is sent to the right
The Ear and Our Ability to Hear
Chamber between eardrum and cochlea containing three tiny bones
(hammer, anvil, stirrup) that concentrate the vibrations of the eardrum on
the cochleas oval window
Innermost part of the ear, co
The Cerebral Cortex: The thin wrinkled layer of tissue covering the cerebral hemispheres.
o Why is the brain wrinkled?
The cortex is divided into 4 Lobes:
o The Frontal Lobe:
o Abstract, complex thoughts, emotional processing
o Planning and problem solvin
The Biological Perspective
Lower Level Brain Structures
Studying the Brain
1) Lower Level Brain Structures
For this section, know the name of the different brain structures.