Unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with potential or actual tissue
What is pain perception for every child like?
How can you determine pain in a child?
Verbal or nonverbal
What is acute pain?
Sudden, short du
What composes total body water?
Extracellular and intracellular fluid
Who is more predisposed to dehydration an infant or a child?
Does an infant have a fluid volume reserve?
Who has greater BSA?
Infants and children under 2 yo
What are respirat
What is a newborn stomach like?
needs frequent feeds
What is an infants stomach like?
Relaxed cardiac sphincter leading to regurgitation at feedings
When are enzymes fully present?
How long is liver function immature?
What is the most common type of childhood cancer?
What is cancer?
An alteration in cell growth due to external and internal stiuli
What are some External stimuli that causes cancer?
What are some intern
What does the Endocrine system do?
Regulates release of hormones and integrates them in all of our processes in the body
What are some functions of the Endocrine system?
-Sexual differentiation in fetal stage
-Regulates pace of growth and development
What are the functions of the Musculoskeletal system?
-Protects vital organs
-Supports weight and movement
When does the posterior fontanel close?
When does the anterior fontanel close?
What is the pur
Where does blood drain from for the Superior Vena Cava?
head and upper extremities
Where does blood from liver and lower extremities drain into?
Inferior vena cava
From the right atrium where does blood travel through?
Tricuspid valve to the right ventric
What causes respiratory problems?
structural, functional, or a combination
What are structural problems?
Involce alteration in the size and shape of parts of the respiratory tract
What are some functional problems regarding respiratory
Where does the hematologic system arise from?
What system does the hematologic systems regulate?
All body functions, directly and indirectly
How is bone marrow different in infants and young children?
All of the bone marrow is red
What is bone
When is birth weight tripled?
by 1 year of age
When is birth weight doubled?
about 5 mos
How long does the American Academy of Pediatrics
recommend for a mother to breast feed?
Through the first birthday, but at least the first 6 months
Advantages of Brea