1. What percentage of the population is mentally ill?
Well-designed epidemiologic studies estimate that 26.2% of American adults (approximately 57.7 million
people) suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year. However, less than 7% of adults
1. A. What is the definition of Ambulatory care and what forms can it take?
Ambulatory care consists of medical care that does not require overnight hospitalization. Ambulatory
care encompasses a wide array of services including private medical office pra
1. A. Discuss the history of health insurance.
The first type of health insurance that was offered in America emerged in the 19 th century and
was used by workers through their employer. The main purpose of these plans was to provide a
1. A. What are the three branches of the government (with examples of each at Federal, State, and Local
levels) and how do they work together?
The three branches of government are the Executive branch, the Judicial Branch, and the Legislative
A. Define the following concepts:
Long term care is a continuum of services provided to individuals that have had unanticipated
events with profound impacts occur in their lives. These individuals can vary from infants born
with defects to adults who s
1. A. What are 5 (five) challenges facing the United States health care system discussed in chapter 12?
The five major challenges facing the U.S. health care system are:
The demand for great fiscal and clinical accountability
The rapid grow
1. A. What does medical education consist of (what kind of training do physicians have)?
The education of physicians in the U.S. is lengthy and requires undergraduate education, medical school,
and graduate medical education (residency). Under
1. A. What are clinical trials?
Clinical trials test new treatments and drugs and compare them to the prevailing standard method of
care. Clinical trials usually use control groups and random selection to reduce subject bias.
B. What are control groups?
1. A. Discuss the history of hospitals.
In Americas early years, hospitals were founded to shelter sailors with contagious diseases, the dying,
the older adults, and orphans. They also served to protect the public from the insane and those with
Chapter 7 Week 7 (part A)
1. A. How much money does the United States spend on healthcare each year (total and average per
The United States spent $2.33 trillion (16% of our total GDP) on healthcare in 2008, which equals about
$7,681 per person.