The basis for most modern approaches to this problem is the DPLL algorithm. A nearly
identically-posed PSPACE-complete problem is TQBF.
By considering a tableau of sequential Turing-machine c
Sickle Cell Anemia
Linus Pauling coined the term "molecular disease" to describe this disorder, which is caused by
the point mutation of glutamic acid to valine.
Sodium metabisulfite is added to the tissue sample to diagnose this disease
Patients with thi
disease is similar to Sandhoff's disease-sialylated glycosphingolipids in the brain, owing to a defect in hexosaminidase A, as contrasted
with Sandhoff disease, in which hexosaminidase B is also affected
Its late-onset form, called LOTS (Late on
Agarose Gel Electrophoresis
DNA denaturing polyacrylamide gels
-method for separation and analysis of macromolecules (DNA, RNA and proteins) and their fragments,
based on their size and charge.
Technique for separating a mixture, ex: separate the different colors in pen ink.
The mixture is dissolved in a fluid called the mobile phase, which carries it through a structure
holding another material called the stationary phase. The va
"Polymerase Chain Reaction" if prompted. If prompted again say "Real Time PCR" because it is just a
commonly used specific type.
Developed in 1983 by Kary Mullis
Used when only a small amount of DNA is present to amplify the DNA fragments
The patent w
Winkler test for dissolved oxygen: Used to determine oxygen concentration in water. Oxygen in
water samples is reduced using manganese(II) sulfate, which reacts with potassium iodide to
vitamin C is a powerful
Spectroscopy- the study of the spectra
Historically, spectroscopy originated through the study of visible light dispersed according to its
wavelength, by a prism.
RELATES reaction rate K to temperature
Gives the dependence of a rate constant k of a chemical reaction on the absolute temperature T (in
kelvin), where A is the pre-exponential factor (or simply the prefactor), E_a is the activation en
Symptoms of this disease are also seen in patients with defective dihydrofolate reductase, which reduces
the cofactor BH4. This disease can be treated with sapropterin hydrochloride, which replaces
tetrahydrobiopterin. Individuals with this disease of
Gower's sign - have to use your arms to get off your bum as a toddler
has X-linked varieties named for Becker and Duchenne (Becker is milder/ Duchenne is horrid)
An adult-onset form of this condition is induced by CTG or CCTG repeats, t
For example, bubble sort was analyzed as early as 1956. A fundamental limit of comparison
sorting algorithms is that they require linearithmic time O(n log n) in the worst case, though
better performance is possible on real-world data (
Avogadro's Number - 6.02 times 10 to the 23rd power
Loschmidt constant- originally calculated by Johann Josef Loschmidt, so this constant is
sometimes represented by a capital L - discovered via coulometry and Kinetic Molecular
Theory. - he names the numb
Jabri et al. discovered that mice with this disease can be treated by blocking IL-15 signaling. Poorly
managed cases of this disease can lead to a form of T-cell lymphoma called EATL, and this disease also
has a connection to the single itchiest condition
Patients of this disease have dangerously high lung mucus levels.
In patients with this disease, a missing phenylalanine molecule caused by a deletion at the
508th residue results in a misfolded CFTR protein, which fails to conduct chlorid
Trisomy 21 - was formerly known as mongolism
Some studies have shown that increased expression of certain tumor suppressor genes in people
with this disorder leads to resistance to most kinds of cancer.
often have a single crease across th
X linked disease of coagulation factor VIII
Coagulation factor VIII can be made in bottles now a days.
On 10 December 2011, a team of British and American investigators reported the successful treatment
of haemophilia B using gene therapy. The
autosomal dominant neuro-degenerative disease named for an American physician
This disease is caused by the expansion of CAG-repeats in the N-terminus of a namesake gene,
resulting in that gene having a longer poly-glutamine track tha
may or may not have afflicted Abraham Lincoln
The causal gene for this disease was identified by Francesco Ramirez in 1991. It is caused by a
defect in the production of the glycoprotein fibrillin-1, which is needed in the genesis of elast
can be expressed in an integral or differential form, and can be shown to be equivalent by the
Maxwell added a term of the time-derivative of the E-field, the displacement current, to this
equation. (introduced in On Ph