The Aims of
Questions for Conducting
Who will generate what knowledge, for
whom, and for what purposes?
What values and assumptions do we bring to our work?
How can we promote community participation
Methods of Community
The Most Important Rule of Research
Research questions should always guide
the selection of research methods.
Useful for examining situations, processes, and contexts
Chapter Two: The
Development and Practice
of Community Psychology
Community Psychology as a Linking
Science and Linking Practice
Research orientation different than standard
isolate and control.
Link levels of analysis.
Link action and research.
Understanding Stress and
Coping in Context
Stress & Coping in Community Psychology
The aim of community psychology is
undermining the process whereby stress
Barbara Snell Dohenwrend (1978)
CP considers both commun
Prevention & Promotion:
The Broad Street Pump
Cholera epidemic in London in 1854
John Snow, a physician, plotted and
investigated 578 cases in the city.
Found the commonality of Broad St. pump use
Pump was disabled and epidemic
Things alter for the worse spontaneously, if they
be not altered for the better designedly.
Tools for Change
Community psychology encourages citizens
to consciously examine and direct change
How will you use Community Psychology?
Hopefully the previous chapters have persuaded
you that one doesnt need to be a community
psychologist to use these ideas
Address needs you see in your communities
Define social proble
Prevention & Promotion:
Program Implementation is Challenging
Performance of interventions in real world
conditions do not always match the results
documented in research.
What would you want to know about how a
Diversity in Context
Grounding Discussions of Diversity
Examine our own experiences
What are elements of your culture that you
How does gender influence your everyday life?
How do socio-economic factors influe
Program Evaluation &
Evaluation in Everyday Life
Evaluating restaurant experience, sports team
Goal or purpose
Disseminated to others.
Used to shape behavior or
Linking Individuals and
Kloos, Hill, Thomas, Wandersman,
Dalton, & Elias (2012).
What is Community Psychology?
Traditionally focused on the individual (e.
Conceptual Models of Ecological Context
How can we understand specific contexts in
which we are embedded?
Which parts of environmental contexts do we
What might have an impact on well-be
Experiences of Community?
I mean, I can talk to them and they are there
to help me when I need to talk to someone
For example my father is very close to
dying right now they have all talked to me
about it and have been
1, saving increases, investments will increase
2, Monetary neutrality is the theory that a change in the money supply does not affect real
variables like the number of cakes produced.f monetary neutrality holds, a 40% increase in the
money supply will be