What is Anthropology?
Holistic: Studies all aspects of humans; the whole of the human condition
Comparative: Features/characteristics of different cultures, species, etc.
1. Morphologies of different species
Studies differences in linguistics
The rules and regularities that govern human behavior, how people associate with one another,
and how activity is organized
Imposes laws and rules (are cultural knowledge)
Structure exists only with people and doesnt need to rely on
What is a population? How do we delineate human populations?
What do anthropologists look at when studying variation in human populations? Cultural
and biological.what is the goal?
How is variation distributed.i.e. clines
Cline: A gradual shift in gene fr
Anatomical correlates of reduced reliance on smell & increased reliance on vision
Forward facing eyes
Reduced olfactory center in brain
Greater visual acuity by stereoscopic vision and color vision
Bony enclosure of eye socket- prosimians ha
What is taxonomy?
Taxonomy: the assignment of organisms to categories.
What is phylogenetics? Phylogenies?
Phylogeny: genetic relatedness based on common ancestry.
Hominoidea (hominoids): the superfamily containing humans and apes.
There are basic rights and obligations that are conferred with marriage? What are they?
1. Marriage can establish the legal father of a woman's children and the legal mother
of a man's.
2. Marriage can give either or both spouses a monopoly
What is marriage? - There is no single definition of marriage that is adequate to account
for all of the diversity found in marriages cross-culturally.
What does it control access to?
What might be one function of controlling access?
Is all marri
Kinship calculation - Kinship calculation is any systemic method for reckoning kin
What is ego in calculation o kin charts - ?
Genealogical kin types -Biological kin type refers to the degree of actual genealogical
Kin terms - Kin
What is a nuclear family?
- The nuclear family consists of a married couple and their children.
-The nuclear family is ego-centered and impermanent, while descent groups are
permanent (lasting beyond the life spans of individual constituents) and reckoned
Primatoglogy studies the non-human primates
Taxonomy - Naming
Behavior Ecology - What influences behavior?What is the genetic basis for behavior?
Classification of organisms into groups
Two General Methods in Archaology
Group of people spread apart, walk the survey area looking for anything of interest
Regional Perspective - Settlement patterns over a larger area
Size of Sites
Systems of Meaning
Arbitrary values and meaning applied to symbols
Everyone participating culture understands the meanings.
Culture and human biology are intertwined
Culture is a means of adaptation
Biology is a me
ANTHExam 1 review (partial)
Identification and Compare/Contrast
The Knowledge that is learned, shared, and used by people to interpret
experience and generate behavior
Culture is shaped by people creating different meanings that are constantly