Prompt #1: Give an overview and discuss Hilbergs arguments regarding precedents and
anti-Semitism put forward in the readings. Do you agree with his analysis, especially
regarding Jewish complicity and passivi
Early Christian Anti Semitism
1. Chapter 15 New Testament first dispute between Jews and Christians
a. New converts would only have to observe certain practices
a.i. Abstinence from fornification
a.ii. Modified form of kashrut (abstaining from things sacr
Early Christian Anti Judaism
The Flaw = Jewish View of Jesus
Not every early Christian accepted the divinity of Jesus, but it soon became
Paul taught only faith in Jesus was necessary.
Christians who were observant to Judaism compromised Chri
Eusebius: Ecclesiastical History
This book became an influential document for all Christians. His works becomes
the standard reference work that fixes the beliefs of Christianity.
Is there a connection between these sermons and the New Testament itself?
Attempted Conversion of Jews
1. Forced Baptism
a. In 418, the first known instance of forced baptism occurred in Minorea.
Late in the 6th century, the Pope ruled that baptism should not be imposed
by force, and that Christian baptism was not valid unless
Expulsion of Jews
1479Isabella & Ferdinand marry and seek to unite the two kingdoms of Castile
Conversos pose a threat to Spanish unification
They looked for signs of Judaism to expel them:
o Chimneys not working on holidays
o Washing hands bef
Basic Definitions and Methodology
The Holocaust- word often used for the Nazis attempt to kill all Jews
olah- whole burnt offering (completely consumed by fire) to God
Shoah- a Hebrew word meaning catastrophe or devastation
Wilherm Marr (187
The reason for expulsion of Jews
Christianity, Islam and Judaism forbid the lending of money with interest.
The church ruled that Christians could borrow money at interest from a nonChristian (Jews.)
The Rabbis ruled that Jews could lend
November 27, 1095
Pope Urban II called for a campaign to free the holy land from the Muslim infidel
Massive hoards of ill organized and unfaithful Christians to carry out the papal
order. Included were knights, nobles, and peasants.
The Black Plague and the Poisoning of Wells
o Pasteurella pestis
o Many people believed the Plague was divine retribution of sin.
o Others, assuming that the world was coming to an end, resorted to very
savage acts of lawlessness.
o The most common theory
Medieval European Treatment of the Jews
PROSELYTISM AND GHETTOS
The Christianization of Rome by Constantine lead to a clash of power between
the church and state.
In 438, the rules of the church were officially translated into civil law throughout
Myths That Support Anti Semitism
1. Why the Jews?
2. Why has Jew hatred persisted for so many millennia?
3. Does everyone hate the Jews?
4. Did all medieval church clergy hate the Jews?
o Medieval 5th15th century
o Middle Ages
3 really good people
Prompt #14: Was justice done? Can it be achieved? Discuss the problems and possibilities of
justice in the context of the Holocaust. Make sure you refer to the readings and give examples.
This prompt asks us
DRAFT: 180: A Reflection
I have chosen to write on my thoughts and emotions after watching the film titled, 180;
as well as divulge into my feelings and reflect upon my semester in this class. More important
Prompt 8: Create a nuanced and diverse picture and description of the Mobile Killing Units and
Operations. Rely on Brownings Ordinary Men and in-class discussions. Do you find Brownings
analysis helpful in u
Prompt #5: What problems according to Hilberg- emerged when the Nazi state attempted to
define the Jews? What definition did the Nazis end up with? What does this tell you about the
nature of constructing a g
Anti Semitism in the Ancient Pagan World
Purim (meaning lots) 5th Century BCE
-Story how Jewish escaped Persia because one Jewish official wouldnt bow
1. Dietary Laws-Jews couldnt share a meal in their pagan neighbors (seen arrogant)
2. Sabbath obser