Biomes and our Environment
Biomes and Bioregions
Tropical Forests and Savannas 7% of worlds area. Multi-layered canopy of
vegetation. Nutrients in living plants.
Further pole-wad move from forest to grassland or savanna. Scattered trees and
Globalization and Population
Globalization: Pros vs. cons
Increase global commerce and wealth
Allow flow of wealth around the globe
Encourage the spread of new technologies
Create more efficient business practices
Tougher environmental laws
GIS (geographic information systems)
Are a fundamental means of communication
Scientific mapping started in the 17th century.
Because the earth is a sphere (not a perfect circle or a
Environmental Issues and Urban challenges
once-idyllic high altitude basin
18 million people
Perpetual smog factories, cars, waste
WHO (World Health Organization) over 1 million report respiratory problems
Water scarcity lakes drained, no
Majority of population in Greater Antilles (85%)
Largest city Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Rimland states lightly populated
Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti are the most populated areas.
Barbados highest population density.
Guianas have the
Culture and Issues
a way of life
Learned traits from a way of life held in common by a group of people
Examples: speech, ideology, livelihood, technology, value systems, etc.
Culture involves a communication system of acquired beliefs, perceptions
Immigration and Homelands
Immigration to the U.S
Today, of U.S immigrants are from Mexico
Predominantly located in Texas and California
Several Gateway Cities: New York, San Francisco, Chicago, Washington D.C
Immigrants from Africa were largely slaves. Mo
Latin America and the Caribbean
greatest part of the region falls within the tropic (23.5 degrees N to 23.5 S)
although in the interior highlands, tropicality is modified by altitude.
Physical Geography Nazca plate subducting with So
US Presence in the Caribbean
Monroe Doctrine James Monroe 1823.
Neocolonialism U.S gained Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, etc.
Panama Canal -1914
Puerto Rico independence vs. U.S dependence. It has its own sports teams and
economies, but re
Theories of North American Settlement
Trans-oceanic people coming over in boats. No conclusive archaeological
Bering strait most likely. There was a land bridge.
Amerind, came before 11,000 years BP (before prese
The earth is a system of interacting spheres
Lithosphere the solid Earth (including landforms)
Atmosphere - the mixture of gases that surround the earth
Hydrosphere all the earths water
Biosphere all the living organisms and organi
Region composed of 2 countries:
o Canada (10 territories and 3 provinces)
o United States
Highly mobile, industrialized and urbanized
o Post-industrial economy
o We are linked through many communication links
o Physical geography
Persisting Social Issues
Wealth and poverty gap widening.
1. Areal differentiation the differences that distinguish one piece of the
world from another.
2. Areal integration the study of how