Canons of the Bible
Not all religions have or use the term old testament; instead we use the term Hebrew
First 5 books: Torah or Pentateuch
Narrates the origin of Israel
Historical approach as a human book-not a devotional approach
REL 101: Old Testament Survey
The New is in the Old concealed; and the Old is in the New revealed.
Name: Aaron Hebbard, PhD
Email: [email protected]
MEETING TIME AND PLACE:
Tuesday/Thursday: 2:30 4:00 pm; The Caf
The world is a funny, ironic place. People will think that one thing is about to happen, but
something else happens, such as in the book of Esther.
Before Esther, King Xerxes was married to Queen Vashti. She is banished for her refusal to
CH 25 + 26
1. Isaiahs name means " the Lord has saved." he was the son of Amoz and had two sons of his
own: Shear-jashub and Maher-shalal-hash-baz that meant "a remnant shall return" and "swift is
the plunder, speedy us the prey" respec
From Judah, preached in israe
EOT CH 13&14
1. It (Book of 1 Samuel) begins in the judges period, a time when people did what was right in their
own eyes. The tabernacle rested at Shiloh, where Joshua had finished dividing the land. The
nation lacked good politica
EOT Chapters 15 and 16
4 centuries are covered by 1 and 2 Kings
The overall theme of this work is the theology of retribution.
The Book of Kings, per tradition, was written by the prophet Jeremiah.
For the first time
EOT CH 10
1. The historical books cover a period of time at least eight-hundred years in length, from Joshua's
conquest to the Persian Empire in which Esther lived.
2. The theological value of the historical books is that they trace the hi
Writing Assignment 1
In the beginning, there was nothing but God. Any Christian that denies this is no Christian at all.
Genesis, being the first book of the Bible, is the basis for biblical understanding, though some people ski
CH 18, 31
1. Persian Period
2. Ezra-Nehemiah, anchored in historical fact, Esther- artfully written story with plot, dialogue and
characterization, Esther secular atmosphere balances Ezra-Nehemiah piety,
Ez-Neh Historic details offset g
EOT CH 3& 4 Whitney Hetrick
1. The word Pentateuch is derived from the Greek words pente, or five, and teuchos, which is
scroll. It is the first 5 books of the Bible, Genesis through Deuteronomy. The Hebrew word used
for these books is Torah, wh
EOT CH 1 (Extra Credit)
1. The term canon, comes from the Greek word kanon, meaning rule. Here, it is specifically
what is accepted as the rule of the bible, that is, what books make up the bible.
2. The different types of theories of insp
THE EXODUS TRADITION
Genesis 12 -50
Exodus from Egypt
Exodus 1 -15
A. The thematic connection with patriarchal stories?
See Gen 28:13-14; 46:27; Exod 1:5-7; 3:8; 6:4. At least 1 part of the divine
promise has been fulfilled; many des
Geographical & Historical Setting
Sagon The Great: Est. 1st real empire
Hobarbiey: Rules Empire Gulf-medt. Invented Law code
1) Israel Rises As Political State (1500-1200)
a) Israel is a minor state, not a superpower
INTRODUCTION TO THE PENTATEUCH
A. Organization of Pentateuch
Primeval History (Gen 1-11)
Era of Patriarchs (Gen 12-50)
Exodus from Egypt (Exod 1-15)
Wilderness Wandering (Exod 15-19)
Sinai Revelation and Covernant (Exod 19-Num 10) = great centerpiece of
JAHWIST ACCOUNT OF CREATION AND THE FALL
A. The J account in 2:4b-3:24 dates to ca. 1000-800 BCE.
B. Differences from the Priestly account:
1. Divine name = Lord God (Yahweh Elohim)
2. Starting point of creation = land without growth.
3. First act of crea
PRIESTLY ACCOUNT OF CREATION
A. The limits of the account: Gen 1:1-2:4a.
B. Details of the account
1. Starting point of creation = the deep (a vast primordial ocean).
2. A seven-day scheme:
light from darkness
Saul and the Rise of the Monarchy
Era of Joshua
Era of Judges
Era of United
1 Samuel 12 - 1 Kings 11
A. Deuteronomistic view of the monarchy: Samuels farewell speech (1 Samuel 12)
1) Before the monarch
1The Abraham Cycle (Gen 12-25)
A. The growth of the cycle
1. Individual oral sagas about Abraham (12:10-20; 18:1-15; 20:1-18; 22:1-19)
2. Collection of sagas in written sources: J, E, P
3. Final form: J, E, P combined by late editor
B. Themes of the Abrah
THE ROYAL IDEOLOGY OF JUDAH
The royal ideology = the picture of kingship as promulgated by the kings themselves. The
Hebrew Bible preserves only the royal ideology in Judah.
- 2 Samuel 7 (the dynastic oracle of Nathan).
- Royal psalms (2, 72, 8
EOT ch 17
1. Ezra is thought to have written 1-2 Chronicles.
2. The Book of 1 Chronicles was likely written between 450 and 425 B.C.
3. Based off the author's purpose in tracing the history of faith and salvation, by using Kings and