A. Background to the Problem
A.1. Greeks and Romans: Concerned about this life
How you get a long?
A.2. Medieval thinkers: Concerned about the next life
How do get there?
A.3. Christian Ideas
How can one be saved a
A.1. A grand effort to take the Holy Land from the Muslims and restore it to
A.2. By people who were tough, mean, superstitious and illiterate.
B. First Crusade, 1095 1099
Growth of European Towns
A. Agricultural Revolution, (10th 11th centuries)
A.1. Towns in the ancient world were administrative centers.
A.2. Towns in the middle ages are commercial towns and manufacturing towns.
Towns where we are familiar with.
A.1. Created a sense of corporate responsibility and obligation that is the
foundation of participatory government
A.2. A system of government
A.3. Government at its most primitive: loyalty of one person to another
Europe in 1500
A. Demography (Population)
1. On the rise
2. Size (c. 100 million)
a. Germany 18m
b. France 16m
c. Italy 12m
d. Spain 8m
e. Britain 4m
a. Highest Italy, Flanders
b. Lowest Poland, Russia
a. Naples 200,000
b. Venice 1
Decline of the Middle Ages, 14th Century
A. Spiritual Decline
A.1. Pope Boniface VIII, 1294 1303
Unam Sanctam, 1302
A.1.a.i.Boniface was interested in the political part of being pope.
A.1.a.ii. Boniface declared, I am not only the spiritual rul
High Middle Ages, 13th Century
A. Nobility (Chivalry)
A.1. The warrior class
A.2. Less fighting to be done
Wars were increasingly less frequent.
Local battles between noblemen were becoming increasingly less
frequent because of the rise o
A. William the Conqueror, 1066 -1087
A.1. Conquest of England in 1066
Most important event in Medieval England.
He was from Normandy.
A.2. Shire-reeve (sheriff)
England was divided into counties called shires
A. Compared to Medieval Thought
A.1. Renaissance means rebirth
c. 1350 to c. 1550
Rebirth of Classical learning
Greek and Roman thought
Mostly in Italy
A.2. Medieval Thought
Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire
A. These were the first two governments to emerge from feudalism.
Political Power, 600 1860
B.1.b.i.Ruled by Ostrogoths 476 540
A German tribe.
B.1.b.ii. Byzantine Empire,
Origins of Medieval Europe
A.1. 500 1350 AD
A.2. Also called the Middle Ages
A.3. Focus on Europe
A.4. Strange Ideas
We get our ideas from the ancient world, like democracy, religion,
A.5. Ideas and Institutions
A.1. Story of its kings
Descended from the Franks, like the Germans
843 Treaty of Verdun
The grandsons of Charlemagne each received a section of the
Kingdom of Charles is France.
10 March 2014
Egyptian and Mesopotamian Civilizations
There is a sense of wonder and awe when it comes to civilizations that came before the
world as we know it today; from how they ran, to how they used the geog