Highpoint of Postwar Liberalism- "Great Society" Legislation
A. Finally, he wanted to do something to better the environment.
While the economy was booming, he thought the government
should regulate pollution.
He issued the Clean Air Act and Clean Wate
Emergence of Postwar Liberalism
Happened during the same time as Cold War & Economic boom
The emergence of postwar liberalism was a continuation of liberal views
of progressive reform
A. 4 Basic Characteristics
A.1. Believed America wa
Eisenhower's Approach to Cold War
A. Containment gets "New Look"
Deemphasized US troop involvement & cut military spending
Built up nuclear stockpile instead of army
Doctrine of Massive Retaliation:
Said no matter what the attack on the US, we will respon
Early US Involvement
Our involvement began during WWII.
Japan invaded Vietnam during WWII.
The Vietminh fought them because they saw Japan as another colonial
We aided Ho Chi Minh in battle against Japan during WWII. The
Alliances and Rearmament of Cold War
created North Atlantic Treaty Organization, military alliance of
US, GB, France and others. Attack on one member is an attack on all of
them. European nations wanted this so US would protect them. This told
Kennedy's Approach- "Flexible Response"
Kennedy campaigned as a warrior and supported the Cold War
He told people that the US had less missiles then the SU
He built up nuclear arsenals
He thought it Brinkmanship Diplomacy was insane and not
The Cold War at Home
"Second Red Scare"
Gouzanko- brought a list of known Russian agents
Federal employee royalty program- designed to identify, screened
all federal government employees, fired potential spies, homosexualswere immoral, people i
Tet Offensive and Aftermath
1. Tet was the Lunar New Year holiday.
2. Both the North and South agreed to cease fire to have peace for the
3. The Vietcong with NV support attacked every major city during
this "peace time".
4. The US
Postwar Liberalism Fulfilled: The Kennedy & Johnson Years
6 Basic Characteristics
A. 4 Original Characteristics
Large natural resources
Large intellectual population
Believed government has to manage economy
Government needs to grant basic standards of
Origins of the Cold War
What is Cold War?
Conflict between Soviet Union & US
Many people expected a nuclear war to happen
Geological conflict: Gets involved in wars where the Soviet Union
supports the other side, global confrontation between the only 2
Americanization of the War
Johnson inherited everything the other presidents did
It turned into a war where the US was fighting both South and North
Critical Decisions and Why?
1. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution:
One of our boats were supposingly