North & West India.
Developed in Punjab, an area of defense against invasion & militancy.
Founder, Guru Nanak (1469-1539 CE) - 15th-16th centuries.
Makes Sikhism the youngest major religion in the world.
From a merchant family in predominately M
Release from the cycle of reincarnation.
Sense of self
Assuming that each person is able to understand the cosmos
God is in each person
Each person is an embodiment of God.
o 3 Jewels/Triple Refuge - how to declare yourself a Buddhist.
Buddham saranam gacchami: I go for refuge to the Buddha.
Dhammam saranam gacchami: I go for refuge to the Dharma.
Basis of truth will always apply.
Sangham sarana gacchami:
1. Worldview - what do you do when your angry?
2. Who was gandhi and what did he do?
Background (1869 - 1948)
Vaisha sect - busin
o China is where Mahayana Buddhism received its greatest flourishing.
o Emperor Ming Ti (58-75 CE).
o 200 CE - when Mahayana Buddhism really took hold. Before, it was
thought of as a form of Daoism.
o Texts & clerics were sent to China f
Perfection of wisdom and compassion
Born from his mothers armpit
Born a prince, but left his home to practice his way of life
Four Noble Truths
1. An observation
Sick who werent sick
Dying who werent dyi
Women and buddhism:
Maya Devi - the mother of the Buddha, in some traditions, very highly
respected in terms of gratitude that we wouldn't have the Buddha without her.
Mother's a in a very highly respected position. She dies not long
Northeast India (600 BCE).
Vardhamana Mahavira (599-527 BCE) - Jainism.
Gautama Buddha (664-486 BCE) - Buddhism.
Both are from the warrior caste.
Both advocated austerity & asceticism.
Both established communities in Maghada (
Mahayana Buddhism - "The Great Vehicle" (from 100 BCE).
o A reform movement that becomes a major world tradition. It begins to
coalesce ritually, spiritually, & artistically into a major religion, the form
most people are familiar with.
o Geographical ran
o Origins attributed to Asoka.
o In south & southeast Asia. Spreads south through South India to Sri
o Asoka sent his son & daughter (monk & nun), Mahinda & Sanghamitta,
to Sri Lanka, an island nation off the tip of Indi
Upanishadic World View
release from cycle of birth and death
atman = brahman
In 800 BCE:
1. People started wondering why the brahmans had such a large role in
understanding the cosmos and not them. People had their role but it wasn't satisfying
The Life of the Buddha.
o Pattern is what is important.
o 500 years after the death of the Buddha, the first account appeared.
o The Buddhacarita by Asvaghosha (1st century CE).
Means "act or adventures of the Buddha".
Epic poem in Sanskrit.
The 4 Noble Truths.
o Core philosophy of Buddhism; attributed to Buddha.
o Within the text, the Dharmachakrapravartana Sutra, is the first real major
Sutra - book - genre of religious literature in India consisting of
short aphorisms str
Shin Shukyo (new religions) in Japan
1603 in Japan-series of shoguns fighting to unify Japan and in 1603 it reached the level of
unification we see in Japan today. the Christian century. Missionaries were a link to
the west and the
Asian Religion Terms
Jen all-encompassing love for every other person and of oneself. Loving others as you
would love yourself. do not do unto others what you do not want them to do unto you.
Confucius- Chinese teacher and philosopher whose teachings and