Missionaries were allowed in the South. Igbo are Roman
Missionaries were barred in the north creating an education
gap with effect on political awareness, and attitudes toward
Fifty percent Christian versus fifty per
Parties and Elections
Three parties were allowed in 1999. The Peoples Democratic
Party, All Peoples party, and the Alliance for Democracy. The
APP and AD decided to present one candidate.
Obasanjo represented the PDP.
The independent National Election co
The Organization of the Federal Bureaucracy
Within the federal bureaucracy are a number of different
types of government agencies and organizations (see fig.
14-3 on page 454)
The executive branch, which employs most of the
bureaucrats, has four majo
Early independence led to university students recruiting to army.
Large number of educated Igbos became officers.
Local elections are limited to indigenous candidates and do not
General Babangida canceled the electi
Parliamentary Versus Presidential Government
The 1999 constitution is a presidential model like t US. Each
of Nigerias 36 states ahs three senators plus one for the
Federal Capital Territory of Abuja. Population determines
make-up 360 constituencies. The
The Size of the Bureaucracy
In 1789, the new governments bureaucracy was
There were three departments
State (with 9 employees),
War (with 2 employees),
Treasury (with 39 employees)
and the Office of the Attorney General (which
Theories of Bureaucracy
The Weberian Model a model of bureaucracy (private or
public) developed by the German sociologist Max Weber,
who viewed bureaucracies as rational, hierarchical
organizations in which power flows from the top downward
This is the most important agent and is seen as an important
determinant of ones role in modern politics.
Polygamy is a common practice, although, with urbanization it
has become costly to support many wives. It is rare
Political Culture and Subcultures
It is easy for Nigerians to tell from which region a person is.
Society is very fragmented.
Half the population resides in the north and one fourth in the
southeast and southwest.
The Colonial Interlude (1900-1960)
The European powers met at the Conference of Berlin in
1884-1885 and divided up Africa into spheres of influence.
In 1886 the Royal Niger Company was granted a royal charter
to control Nigerian trade. The charter was re