Conflict model: aka. Critical theory/macro theory (Karl Marx); conflict is not order and
any order that exists is enforced by those in power; competing interests, not consensus;
power is not equally distributed. Asks: who has power? How is it used? Conseq
Group effort: when studies are replicated, there is more complete view (ex.
Understanding homelessness and how we can fix the issue)
Experiments: independent and dependent variables; highly controlled settings (but field
experiments have no controlled set
Aggregates: collection of individuals who happen to be at same place at same time
Sociologcal theory: set of ideas that explains a range of human behavior and variety of
social and societal events
Value neutrality: absolutely free from bias
Sociology: study of human society and human behavior (1. We are all interconnected; 2.
Things are not always as they appear 3. Sociological imagination)
We make assumptions that go unquestioned (ex. Gender)
What we learn is learned through context of cult
Inequality in the USA: income, wealth, ancestry, race, gender
Order Model (Davis and Moore 1945)
Stratification is functional
Positions differ in importance
If important, more rewards
Unequal rewards, right people in right jobs
Midterm 2 Study Guide chapters 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13
Socialization: process of learning cultural values, norms, and expectations
Self: personality; developed through interaction with other people
Social Control: all social groups have mechanisms to ensure con
Exam 3-APPLYING CONCEPTS Once you have watched the film, you should be
able to correctly apply the following concepts. These are the concepts on which you will
be tested, as they relate to the film.
Personal Troubles: An individua
Gender - Learned and Enforced How?
Sex refers to biological differences between male and female.
Gender refers to social and cultural patterns attached to women and men.
Learned: Genders personal traits and social positions attached to being male or femal
Distribution of wealth and income
Wealth: persons net worth; total value of $; other assets minus debts; distributed much
less evenly than income. $1 million invested in 1983 stock market was equal to $14.4
million in 1998
It takes money to make money. Va
chapters 10, 11, 12
Race: linked to social position; whites get higher occupational standing and more
70% of whites own homes, blacks own 46%
Sociological imagination and without sanctuary
Way of thinking and seeing that places individuals and t