Philosophy of Religion: Does God exist?
Some attributes traditionally ascribed to the God of Judaism,
Christianity, and Islam
Is the ability to do everything that power can do.
God is all powerful doesn
Platos most famous student
A key difference between Plato and Aristotle is illustrated in the famous painting, The School of
Athens by Raphael.
George Berkeley (1685-1753)
Remember that Locke believes the following three claims:
All knowledge comes through experience
All experience is experience of ideas
All knowledge is knowledge of ideas
Berkeley believed all three as well.
Remember that Locke
David Hume (1711-1776)
Along with Locke and Berkeley, he is one of the three great British empiricists.
We have two kinds of perceptions, according to Hume:
Impressions: forceful, lively perceptions produced when external objects act on
Two distinct theories
There are no altruistic actions.
All human motivation is at bottom self-interested
Everyone ought to look out for and seek only their own best interests.
The right action is the one that be
In order to succeed in his task of explaining the certainty of our knowledge using only ideas
derived from experience, Locke must, among other things, explain how ideas alleged to be innate
by Descartes and others can plausibly be thought
He is aware that he has false opinions/beliefs.
He is aware that we build on our beliefs, using some beliefs as support for other beliefs.
For example, a child might believe:
B1: Santa Clause is coming to town.
B2: He sees you when your
Surviving in a Different Body by Lent (excerpts)
There are three main views concerning the question of what makes a person the same through
time. The first is the dualist view, according to which, what makes a person the same through
time is the continued
The Grounding of the Metaphysics of
Morals, by Immanuel Kant (excerpts)
Transition from common rational moral cognition to philosophical
[The Good Will: What is it and what is the nature of its value?]
There is not
John Stuart Mill
What Utilitarianism Is.
A PASSING remark is all that needs be given to the ignorant blunder of supposing that those
who stand up for utility as the test of right an
John Locke (1632-1704): Father of Modern Empiricism (Classical Liberalism too)
His two most famous works
The Essay concerning Human Understanding (1690): This is Lockes explanation and defense
Second Treatise on Government (1690): This is L
Descartes Part 2
Clear and Distinct ideas
Descartes notices that the idea of The Cogito is clear and distinct.
It is clear, not obscure
It is distinct, not mixed with other ideas
Descartes wonders if clarity and distinctness can be a criterion of the trut