What is the definition of The Self?
The active structure that contains the organized and stable contents of one's personal
What are the three components of the self?
Definition of Cognitive?
What is social psychology?
Psychology: the scientific study of human affect, behavior, and cognition (thoughts)
The importance of others
The self does not operate in a vacuum
Defining social psychology
The scientific study of how h
Research Methods (chapter 2) notes
Why learn about research methods?
Improve your reasoning about real-life events (critical thinking)
Become a more sophisticated consumer of research in general
Critically examine the facts from the media
Self-regulation and self-enhancement notes
The ways in which people control and direct their own actions, emotions, and thoughts
It focuses especially on how people formulate goals and pursue them
Self-regulation allows us to forgo immedia
Persuasion by others:
The dual process model of persuasion
Persuasion can occur through two different processes (routes)
Central route- persuasion results from thinking carefully about the message
Peripheral route- persuasion result
Chapter 5 Notes
Two or more people perceived as having at least 1:
Direct interactions over a period of time
Joint membership in a social category
A shared, common fate, identity, or set of goals
Ingroups- groups we identify with
The social self (chapter 3)
A psychological state in which you take yourself as the object of attention
We spend relatively little being self-aware
Develops around 18-20 months
Paying attention to yourself
Not self-aware when: sleeping, wat
Chapter 6 Notes
An evaluation of a person, object, or idea
Positive and negative evaluations are distinct
Types of attitudes
An attitude that we are aware of and can express
An attitude that we are not aware of
Chapter 1 notes:
Differences from other fields:
Sociology- focus on societal/group level, rather than individuals
Clinical psychology- focus on psychological disorders, rather than everyday normal
Personality psychology- focus on differences betw
Chapter 4 Activity
Kevin and his friends just saw a horror movie. Kevin usually doesnt like horror movies, but he
loved this one. All of his friends hared the movie. Kevin liked it so much that he went to see it
again the next weekend and loved it again.
What is aggression?
Any physical or verbal behavior
intended to hurt someone
Types of Aggression
intent is to cause pain;
often an emotional response
Types of Aggression
intent is to
achieve a goal; aggression is
simply the way to
The study of how we form impressions of and make inferences about other people.
The way in wich people communicate, intentionally or unintentionally, without words; its
cues include facial expressions, tone of voi
What are the three factors of discussion/evaluations of the
process of group decision making?
1. Relevant information
2. Evaluate alternatives
3. Possible implementation strategies
What are the three factors of decision making/control of the
process of gr
Three or more people who interact and are interdependent in the sense that their needs
and goals cause them to influence each other.
Shared expectations in a group about how particular people are supposed to behave.
A hostile or negative attitude toward people in a distinguishable group, based solely on
their membership in that group.
A generalization about a group of people, in which certain traits are assigned to virtually
all members of the g
A change in one's behavior due to the real or imagined influence of other people.
Informational Social Influence
The influence of other people that leads us to conform because we see them as a
source of information to guide our behavior; we con
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas
Cognitively Based Attitude
An attitude based primarily on peoples believes about the properties of an attitude
Affectively Based Attitude
An attitude based more on people's feelings and values than
Helping another without regard for ones own self or reward
behavior that benefits others
*Latan and Darley, 1968 Smoke-filled room study- bystander
IV: leftalone; with 2 other real participants, or with 2 other
Independent View of the Self
A way of defining oneself in terms of one's own internal thoughts, feelings, and actions
and not in terms of the thoughts, feelings, and actions of other people.
Interdependent View of the Self
A way of defining oneself in ter
Body image womens waist to hip ratio
-.7 for women and .9 for men
-the waist should be smaller than the hip
-women that have this are rated more attractive and have an easier time getting
the more faces you add the more attractive
Chapter 4: social perception
Social perception- the process by which people come to understand one another
First impressions: subtly influenced by appearance
Snap judgements- as little as .1 seconds