Harry J. Anslinger
Drugs, Inc. - Marijuana
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug on the planet. To many, it's an evil weed, but to
some, it's a sacred herb, even a lifesaver. Fo
Jeanne Louise Calment
(1875 - 1997)
Nicotine is a substance found in tobacco leaves.
Indigenous Americans smoke
GABA: Synthesis, Release & Inactivation
GABA, NT but not an essential metabolite
Glut to GABA by Glutamic acid decarboxylase
(GAD) VGAT (vesicular GABA transporter)
Inactivation by neuronal & astroglial uptake
by GABA transporters (GAT1-3): tiagabine (GAT
Alcohol has both Specific and Nonspecific effects on
- responsible for most of
the acute effects
at intoxicating doses
- Glu, GABA, DA, Opioids
Glutamate: a major excitatory NT.
Consist of a number of different drugs with
varying chemical structures and behavioural
Ability to alter sensory perception and cognition
Other terms have been :
not used anymore
The midshafts of the forearm bones are linked by a special
interosseous membrane of dense regular CT.
Forces transmitted from wrist, mainly through the distal radius,
gets transferred thru the interosseous membrane to the ulna, for
transfer across the elb
Shoulder: Pectoral, Scapular, Deltoid
Arm (brachium): Anterior arm and posterior arm
Forearm (antibrachium): anterior and posterior forearm
Hand: Wrist, palm, dorsum of hand, digits
Mass Distribution: The main mass of muscles tends to
Upper and lower limbs show a parallel pattern of five linked
bony/articular segments with similar compartmental
The proximal ball & socket joints of the limbs can be thought of
as a free joystick (in the case of the shoulder), or a stable
Similar to the hand, the foot has two sets of tarsal bones (7
total), five metatarsals, a proximal & distal phalange at the big
toe, D1, and proximal, middle & distal phalanges for D2-5.
Recall that the mortise-like joint of the ankle (referred to as the
Both distal limbs have two parallel long bones connected along their
length by tough interosseous membranes thick fascial sheets with
oriented CT fibers.
Muscles of both limbs mass nearer the proximal limb joints with long
tendons passing ove
Extends from the shoulder to the elbow
Forearm muscles are involved in flexion and extension of
forearm, and supination and pronation
Anterior compartment (musculotaneous nerve)
short head: coracoid process of scapula
The original Multitool, the hand is closely coordinated with the
eyes to grasp and hold objects.
The fingers dexterity and range of motion coupled with a highly
developed sense of touch allows our hands to explore even
where eye cannot see.
Distal to the
Compared to the Elbow, the Knee is a deceptively simple
structure: there is only one main knee joint, involving the
articulation between femur and tibia.
(Note that the fibula does not take part in the knee joint.)
Knee movements are largely limited to si
Chapter 2 Study Guide:
1. Which pH is neutral? What ions are in equal amounts at this pH?
2. Which pH are acidic? Basic? What ions increase in each case? How much does pH change between
each whole number on the pH scale?
3. What does pH measure?
4. Name t
Study Guide for BIOS 1030
1. Describe two major differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.
2. Which type of cell was the first cell on the planet?
3. When did the follow occur: Formation of the Earth, first prokaryotic cells, first e
BIOS 1030 Study Guide Chapter 3
Chapter 3 - Cells:
1. Explain what the constraint on the size of the cell is (why are almost all cells microscopic)? What do
2. Name and explain the 2 major events that are thought to have occur
Most of us grew up hearing that we should warm up with a stretch. Strike and hold a
pose, such as
Wrist proximal hand: Carpus
8 carpal bones
2 rows of carpals glide on each other
Glide on adjacent carpels
Proximal row proximal surfaces
articulate with ulna & radius
Forearm & Elbow
Elbow to wrist
Proximal & Distal
Assist shoulder in application of force
Place hand in space
Arm & Brachial
Continuous with ant.
abdominal wall fascia
Continuous with Pectoral
Descends from clavicle
Cont. w/ pectoral f.
Attached to scapula
Extrinsic Back and Shoulder girdle
Lateral supraclavicular region
Posterior: Scapulae & clavicle
Anterior: Manubrium of
Back & Spinal
Develop during fetal period
Thoracic & Sacral
Begins during fetal
development but Prominent
when infant can hold head
When infant begins to walk
Introduction to Human
430 Irvine Hall
Orientation & Anatomical Position
Median or midsagittal