-production of feces that are abnormally lose
-increased frequency of defecation
Is Diarrhea a SI or LI problem?
-a large intestine problem.
-even if there is a SI problem, the LI can usually compensate by its abilit
Examining a horse with potential EI?
-initial high fever
-easily inducible cough w/ larynx or trachea is supressed.
-sore/ mim. enlarged pharyngeal and submandiblar lymph nodes.
listening the horses gut sounds, heart, etc.
What might you hear
-simple superficial breaks or abrasions of the epithelium -> Full thickness corneal perforation and iris
-loss of corneal epithelium +/- stroma
Causes of Corneal Ulcerations
-Trauma (any type of foreign body, dirt, eyelash, et
-secondary to septicema (seeding of lungs) esp. in neonates
-inhalation of aerosolized or dust-borne pathogens
-colonization of opportunist bacteria at bronchiolar-alveolar junction
-inflammatory response damages airway epithelium and capilla
How should personnel interact with the horse?
-gowns or coveralls
-do not co-mingle clothes
common name for Clostridium perfringes?
General notes about Colitis X
when should nasogastric intubation be used?
should be used in any horse with persistent severe abdominal pain
-use of large bore tube with multiple holes at end
-induction of siphoning severe times
-quantity, smell content and pH or reflux should be asses
Inflammatory Airway Disease is also called
- small airway inflammatory disease
-small airway disease
IAD is a problem of what kind of horses?
- 2-5 years
Closely associated with
Benzimidazoles are used to treat what types of parasites?
-some strongyles, pinworms, and ascarids
How affective is Benzimidazole against stongyles?
most small strongyles are resistant at normal doses.
Fenbendazole's brand name is what? What doese is
Indolent Corneal Ulcer
-chronic and superficial
Cause of Indolent corneal ulcer
failure of epithelium to attach to underlying tissue
Signs of indolent corneal ulcer
-focal corneal edema
-rim of loose or detached epithelium at edges without st