membrane-bound granules in cytoplasm
enzymes destroy microorganisms, breakdown debris
biochem mediators for inflammatory and immune reactions
migrate via ameboid movement (diapedesis)
make up 55% of granulocytes; MOST N
The mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) (also called Reticuloendothelial System or
Macrophage System) is a part of the immune system that consists of the phagocytic cells
located in reticular connective tissue.
The cells are primarily monocytes and macro
occur when the immune system is depressed or
ease of spreading from one individual to another
ability of pathogens to induce an immune response
ability of a pathogen to invade & multiply
the first line of defense.
innate (native/ natural) immunity
the immunity we are born with
first line of defense (innate immunity)
second line of defense
third line of defense
need to come in contact with the disea
the purpose of adaptive immunity is to.
kill infectious microorganisms that are resistant to inflammation & protect against future exposure to the
immunoglobulins are known as
lymphocytes are known as
the end products of
protozoan infection, raw meat/kitty litter
how do you treat toxoplasmosis?
spiramycin, sulfadine, pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine
transmitted by droplets, mothers get rash, muscle aches, joint pain, mild lymphedema.
mom can not get va
-thin membrane between myelin sheath and endoneurium
Nodes of Ranvier
-regular interruptions of myelin sheath
-flow of ions between segments of myelin rather than along entire length of axon; nerve
impulses flow faster
What happens in the alarm stage?
arousal of body defenses, release of nor-epinephrine and epinephrine
What happens in the stage of resistance or
mobilization contributes to fight or flight
Stage of resistance or adaptation
Manifestations of burns
-cardiovascular: hypovolemia, massive fluid loss, decreased cardiac contractility
-evaporative water loss
What is elevated with MI?